ARTICLE 1 - IN GENERAL
 
5-2-101.  Regular terms.
 
There shall be held at the capital of the state two (2) regular terms of the supreme court in each year, one (1) commencing on the first Monday of April, and one (1) commencing on the first Monday of October.
 
5-2-102.  Number of justices; chief justice; head of judicial system.
 
The supreme court of Wyoming shall consist of five (5) justices. The justices shall choose one (1) of their number to serve as chief justice, who shall serve at the pleasure of a majority of the court. The supreme court is the head of the state judicial system, and the chief justice is the chief administrator of the duties prescribed by law to be performed by the court.
 
5-2-103.  Special terms.
 
In addition to the regular terms of the supreme court, as fixed by law, special terms of said court may be held for the transaction of all business, when ordered by a majority of the justices of said court.
 
5-2-104.  One day notice of special term; order.
 
A special term of the supreme court shall be called upon not less than one (1) day's notice by an order directed to the clerk thereof, signed by the justices of the court ordering said special term, and specifying the time and place of holding the same; and upon the receipt of said order, the clerk of said court shall immediately notify the bailiff and all officials of said court, and such members of the court as shall not have signed the order, of the contents of such order, and such order shall be spread at large upon the journal of the court on the record of the proceedings of the first day of said special term.
 
5-2-105.  Transaction of business at special term; not to interfere with regular term.
 
At any special term of the supreme court it shall be lawful to transact all business that can be transacted by the court at a regular term thereof, but no cause, action or proceeding shall be heard at such special term without the consent of the parties thereto, unless the matter presented be an ex parte application, that may be granted without notice to the adverse party. The ordering or holding of a special term of said court shall in no wise interfere with any regular term or adjourned regular term thereof.
 
5-2-106.  Quorum.
 
A majority of the justices of the supreme court shall be necessary to constitute a quorum for the transaction of business. If there shall not be a quorum of the justices present on the first day of any adjourned or regular term of the supreme court, the court shall stand adjourned from day to day, until a quorum shall be present, and the said court may, there being a quorum present, adjourn from time to time to any date deemed proper.
 
5-2-107.  Causes may be matured to adjourned terms.
 
It shall be lawful to mature causes to any adjourned term or terms of the supreme court, the same as to the beginning of any term of the supreme court, and it shall be competent for the said court to hear and determine causes at any such adjourned term or terms, the same as though heard and determined at any regular term of the said court, and as though such causes were on the calendar or docket at the commencement of any regular term thereof.
 
5-2-108.  Process.
 
All process issued out of the supreme court, shall bear teste in the name of the chief justice and shall be signed by the clerk of said court, sealed with its seal, made returnable according to law, and the same shall be executed by the officer or person to whom the same is directed.
 
5-2-109.  Undisposed proceedings to stand continued.
 
All matters, suits and proceedings undisposed of at any term of the supreme court shall stand continued to the next succeeding regular or adjourned term thereof.
 
5-2-110.  Opinions to be in writing and filed; dissenting opinion.
 
The opinion of the justices of the supreme court on any matter pending before it, shall be given in writing and be filed with the papers in the case, and when the justices thereof are divided in opinion in any case, the fact of such division shall be stated in the opinion and the dissenting justice may file his opinion.
 
5-2-111.  Seal.
 
The seal of the supreme court shall be that of the state of Wyoming, substituting the words "Supreme Court of the State of Wyoming" around the vignette of said seal.
 
5-2-112.  Justices not to practice law.
 
No justice of the supreme court shall practice as an attorney in any of the courts of this state, nor give advice touching any cause pending, or to be brought therein.
 
5-2-113.  Rules of practice for supreme court; effect of rules.
 
It shall be the duty of the supreme court, from time to time, to prescribe rules of practice for said court, not inconsistent with the constitution or laws of this state, and when said rules are adopted by said court, the same shall be as binding upon the court, and the attorneys thereof, and the parties having business therein as though the same were enactments of the legislature of the state.
 
5-2-114.  Rules and forms governing pleading, practice and procedure in all courts; power to adopt, modify and repeal.
 
The supreme court of Wyoming may from time to time adopt, modify and repeal general rules and forms governing pleading, practice and procedure, in all courts of this state, for the purpose of promoting the speedy and efficient determination of litigation upon its merits.
 
5-2-115.  Rules and forms governing pleading, practice and procedure in all courts; application of rules.
 
(a)  Such rules may govern:
 
(i)  The forms of process, writs, pleadings and motions and the subjects of parties, depositions, discovery, trials, evidence, judgments, new trials, provisional and final remedies and all other matters of pleading, practice and procedure; and
 
(ii)  Any review of or other supervisory proceedings from the judgment or decision of any court, board, officer, or commission when such review is authorized by law.
 
(b)  Such rules shall neither abridge, enlarge nor modify the substantive rights of any person nor the jurisdiction of any of the courts nor change the provisions of any statute of limitations.
 
5-2-116.  Rules and forms governing pleading, practice and procedure in all courts; rules to be entered in proceedings; effective date; notice.
 
Upon the adoption of any rule or form the supreme court shall enter it in its proceedings and shall fix the date upon which such rule or form shall become effective but such effective date shall be at least sixty (60) days after notice thereof has been published by the supreme court in such publication as it may designate. From and after the effective date of any such rule or form all laws in conflict therewith shall be of no further force or effect.
 
5-2-117.  Rules and forms governing pleading, practice and procedure in all courts; appointment and duties of advisory committee.
 
The supreme court shall appoint an advisory committee to make recommendations from time to time with respect to pleading, practice and procedure. Such committee shall hold hearings upon proposed rules in such manner and upon such notice as the supreme court prescribes and report to the court from time to time such recommendations as it deems proper.
 
5-2-118.  Adoption of rules and regulations relative to the practice of law.
 
(a)  The supreme court of Wyoming shall, from time to time, adopt and promulgate such rules and regulations as the court may see proper:
 
(i)  Prescribing a code of ethics governing the professional conduct of attorneys at law;
 
(ii)  Organizing and governing a bar association of the attorneys at law of this state to act as an administrative agency of the supreme court of Wyoming for the purpose of enforcing such rules and regulations as are prescribed, adopted, and promulgated by the supreme court under this act [section], providing for the government of the state bar as a part of the judicial department of the state government and for such divisions thereof as the supreme court shall determine, and requiring all persons practicing law in this state to be members thereof in good standing, and fixing the form of its organization and operation;
 
(iii)  Establishing practice and procedure for disciplining, suspending, and disbarring attorneys at law, including suspending attorneys for failure to pay child support as specified in W.S. 20-6-112.
 
5-2-119.  Appeals from courts of limited jurisdiction.
 
Notwithstanding any other provision of law, any case in which original jurisdiction is in a municipal court or a circuit court may be appealed to the district courts and thereafter to the Wyoming supreme court only if the supreme court grants a writ of certiorari agreeing to hear the appeal. The Wyoming supreme court shall adopt procedures under which the court will grant or deny appeals to the court in such cases and provide the standards and extent of review.
 
5-2-120.  Judicial systems automation account created; purposes.
 
There is created an account entitled the "judicial systems automation account." No funds shall be expended from the account unless and until the legislature appropriates the funds. Funds within the account shall be used by the supreme court for the purchase, maintenance and operation of computer hardware and software to enhance the communication, records and management needs of the courts of the judicial branch of the state of Wyoming. Interest accruing to this account shall be retained therein and shall be expended for the purposes provided in this section, as appropriated by the legislature. Annually, the supreme court shall develop a plan for all trial and appellate courts within the state for the expenditure of funds from the account. Prior to implementation, the plan shall be annually submitted to the joint appropriations interim committee and joint judiciary interim committee for review and comment.
 
5-2-121.  Indigent civil legal services account created; purposes.
 
(a)  There is created the indigent civil legal services account to be administered by the supreme court.  The account shall receive all funds paid to the state treasurer from the fees imposed to support indigent civil legal services, pursuant to W.S. 2-2-401, 5-2-202, 5-3-205, 5-3-206, 5-6-108, 5-6-204, 5-6-303, 5-9-135, 5-9-144, 6-10-102 and 6-10-103.  Funds within the account shall be used by the supreme court for the establishment and operation of a statewide program to provide civil legal services to indigent individuals within the state.  Interest accruing to this account shall be retained in the account and shall be expended for the purposes provided in this section.  No funds shall be expended from the account until the legislature appropriates the funds.
 
(b)  For the fiscal biennium commencing July 1, 2012 and each fiscal biennium thereafter, the supreme court shall include in its proposed budget a biennial budget and plan for the account.  Each biennial plan and proposed budget shall be submitted to the joint appropriations interim committee and the joint judiciary interim committee. Each biennial plan submitted under this subsection beginning with the biennium commencing July 1, 2012 shall include case statistics and program costs for the preceding biennium. The joint judiciary interim committee may submit any comments it deems appropriate to the joint appropriations interim committee.
 
(c)  The supreme court shall provide for the conduct of audits of the account on a biennial basis beginning July 1, 2011. The audits shall be available for public review.
 
5-2-122.  Indigent civil legal services program created; purposes.
 
(a)  An indigent civil legal services program is created to be operated in accordance with the following:
 
(i)  The supreme court shall develop a comprehensive plan for funding a statewide program of civil legal services to the indigent from the account.  By November 1, 2010 and again by May 1, 2011, the court shall submit to the joint appropriations interim committee and the joint judiciary interim committee reports on the plan of operation for the program;
 
(ii)  The supreme court may operate the program directly, or contract with a nonprofit organization to operate the program;
 
(iii)  The court shall adopt rules and regulations for the program prior to implementation subject to the following:
 
(A)  In adopting rules and regulations governing the program the court shall set the following priorities, which are not intended to be exclusive, but to provide direction on the management and operation of the program:
 
(I)  Cases in which an indigent individual is a defendant in a lawsuit;
 
(II)  Cases in which an indigent individual is seeking to enforce a court order;
 
(III)  Cases involving domestic relations and family law;
 
(IV)  Matters involving general legal advice to indigent individuals.
 
(B)  In adopting rules and regulations governing the program, the court shall prohibit the program from providing legal representation in the following areas:
 
(I)  Cases seeking tort damages;
 
(II)  Criminal defense;
 
(III)  Cases against public agencies or political subdivisions seeking to change or overturn existing rules, regulations and policies.  This prohibition shall not limit the program's ability to represent indigent individuals who are seeking benefits that may be owed them by public entities.
 
(iv)  The rules shall establish eligibility standards for the receipt of services.  The eligibility standards shall require that civil legal services be funded from the account only for individuals whose total household income does not exceed two hundred percent (200%) of the federal poverty level;
 
(v)  The program shall be operated in coordination with other publicly or privately funded programs providing civil legal services to the indigent with a goal of developing an integrated system for the delivery of indigent civil legal services on a statewide basis by July 1, 2011;
 
(vi)  The program shall be coordinated with the Wyoming state bar and other entities on private attorney involvement, pro bono civil legal services and educational programs;
 
(vii)  For funding under the program, the program shall establish a statewide single point of entry for indigent civil legal services or establish other operations that allow for simplified and easily available access to the program;
 
(viii)  The program may grant funds to existing eligible programs to assist in providing civil legal services and may be used to enhance the civil legal services that the existing programs are providing;
 
(ix)  The program may receive grants and donations which shall be deposited to the account;
 
(x)  The program shall establish uniform standards for the delivery of civil legal services and operate programmatic and fiscal management programs to ensure accountability for all funds.