CHAPTER 17 - UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING

 

ARTICLE 1 - IN GENERAL

 

21-17-101.  Establishment.

 

There is established in this state, at the city of Laramie, an institution of learning to be known as "The University of Wyoming".

 

21-17-102.  Objects; departments.

 

(a)  The objects of the university are to provide an efficient means of imparting to men and women, without regard to color, on equal terms, a liberal education, together with a thorough knowledge of the various branches connected with the scientific, industrial and professional pursuits.  To this end it shall embrace colleges or departments of letters, of science and of the arts together with such professional or other departments as in course of time may be connected therewith.  The department of letters shall embrace a liberal course of instruction in language, literature and philosophy, together with such courses or parts of courses in the college or department of science as are deemed necessary.

 

(b)  The college, or department of science, shall embrace courses of instruction in the mathematical, physical and natural sciences, together with such courses in language, literature and philosophy as shall constitute a liberal education.  The college or department of the arts shall embrace courses of instruction in the practical and fine arts and especially in the applications of science to the arts of mining and metallurgy, mechanics, engineering, architecture, agriculture and commerce, together with instruction in military tactics, and in such branches in the department of letters, as are necessary to a proper fitness of students for their chosen pursuits, and as soon as the income of the university will allow, in such order as the wants of the public shall seem to require, the courses in the sciences and their practical applications shall be expanded into full and distinct schools or departments.

 

21-17-103.  Powers and duties of the faculty.

 

The president and professors of the university shall be styled "the faculty", and may enforce rules and regulations adopted by the trustees for the government of students, reward and censure students as they may deserve, and generally exercise such discipline, in harmony with the regulations, as is necessary for the good order of the institution.  The faculty may present to the trustees for degrees and honors such students as are entitled thereto, and in testimony thereof, when ordered by the board, suitable diplomas, certificates or other testimonials under the seal of the university, and the signatures of the faculty.  When, in course of time, distinct colleges or departments of the university are duly organized and in active operation, the immediate government of such departments shall, in like manner, be entrusted to their respective faculties.

 

21-17-104.  Powers and duties of the president.

 

The president of the university shall be president of the several faculties and the executive head of all the departments.  As such, subject to the board of trustees, he has authority to give general direction to the instruction and investigations of the several schools and departments, and, so long as the interests of the institution require it, he may be charged with the duties of one (1) of the professorships.

 

21-17-105.  Tuition to be as nearly free as possible; number, qualifications and selection of students for reduced tuition; tuition for veterans; reciprocal residency.

 

(a)  To the end that none of the youth of the state who crave the benefits of higher education may be denied, and that all may be encouraged to avail themselves of the advantages offered by the university or community colleges, tuition shall be as nearly free as possible, and it shall be reduced by five hundred dollars ($500.00) per semester to either the university or any community college in the state, as elected by the student, to three (3) students annually from each county as are selected and appointed by the board of county commissioners therein.  Scholarships under this section shall be in addition to any Hathaway scholarship awarded a student under W.S. 21-16-1301 et seq., but shall be considered for purposes of calculating unmet financial need for Hathaway need based scholarships.

 

(b)  Students shall be appointed after due consideration of the individual student's extra curricular activity, scholastic ability and American college testing score.   Grade point average and American college testing scores shall be equally weighted.  For any entering student who fails a math or English placement test, the reduced tuition scholarship under this section is not effective. Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (a) of this section, the county commissioners may award one (1) additional scholarship each year as a renewal to a student maintaining above a 2.50 average, provided that the total number of students receiving original and renewal scholarships in any county in any year shall not exceed:

 

(i)  Counties of the first class, four (4) students;

 

(ii)  Counties of the second class, three (3) students; and

 

(iii)  Counties of the third class, two (2) students.

 

(c)  Any honor scholarships granted by the University of Wyoming shall be based on the student's scholastic ability and American college testing scores.  Grade point average and American college testing scores shall be equally weighted.  For any entering student who fails a math or English placement test, the scholarship is not effective.

 

(d)  Any person including the spouse and any child of that person shall qualify as a resident for purposes of tuition at the university if:

 

(i)  His principal employment is located within Wyoming and the income from his employment is the principal source of income for his family;

 

(ii)  He pays Wyoming taxes as required by law;

 

(iii)  He has been employed within Wyoming for at least a majority of the twelve (12) consecutive months immediately preceding application for resident tuition pursuant to this subsection;

 

(iv)  He resides in a state with a law substantially similar to this subsection; and

 

(v)  At the time of enrollment and in accordance with requirements of the enrolling institution, the person, his spouse or any child of that person submits to the university or community college a notarized affidavit attesting to the requirements of this subsection.

 

(e)  Effective for the 2014 summer school session and each semester thereafter, any person who is a military veteran who does not qualify as a resident pursuant to subsection (d) of this section shall qualify as a resident for purposes of tuition at the University of Wyoming or Wyoming community college if the person provides:

 

(i)  A certificate or other evidence of honorable discharge from the uniformed services of the United States:

 

(A)  Within the twelve (12) month period immediately preceding application for resident tuition pursuant to this subsection; or

 

(B)  Within the twelve (12) month period immediately preceding acceptance to the University of Wyoming or Wyoming community college if the applicant for resident tuition was attending the University of Wyoming or Wyoming community college on April 1, 2014.

 

(ii)  Documented evidence that the veteran has taken steps to establish residency in Wyoming.

 

(f)  For purposes of subsection (e) of this section, "uniformed services of the United States" means service in the United States army, navy, air force, marine corps, coast guard, United States public health service commissioned corps, national oceanic and atmospheric administration commissioned corps, national guard or any reserve or auxiliary component thereof.

 

(g)  Once a military veteran has qualified for resident tuition under subsection (e) of this section, the veteran shall remain qualified in subsequent years upon complying with paragraph (e)(ii) of this section.

 

21-17-106.  Repealed by Laws 1979, ch. 12, 1.

 

21-17-107.  Legislature to make appropriations.

 

The legislature shall appropriate monies intended for the support and maintenance of the University of Wyoming.  The appropriations shall specify the purposes for which the monies are intended and may be used.  The appropriations shall apply to and include all monies received by the university from the United States for the endowment and support of colleges for the benefit of agriculture and mechanic arts.  No expenditure shall be made in excess of an appropriation, and no monies so appropriated shall be used for any purpose other than that for which they are appropriated.

 

21-17-108.  Agreements with boards or trustees of community colleges, school districts or university centers, collaboration with community colleges.

 

(a)  The University of Wyoming may enter into agreements with the several community college district boards or the boards of trustees of school districts providing for the joint operation of the institutions in whole or in part or for the furnishing of services, facilities and staff members of the University of Wyoming to the institution.  Agreements may provide for the granting of University of Wyoming credit for collegiate work done in the institution.

 

(b)  The University of Wyoming in collaboration with the community colleges, shall establish an accrediting committee which shall determine the credit to be granted by the University of Wyoming for work taken in community colleges or university centers.  In addition, the university shall cooperate with the Wyoming community college commission in developing and maintaining a common course numbering system among community colleges and the university pursuant to W.S. 21-18-202(b)(ii).

 

21-17-109.  Course in field of professional health services; authority to offer; contracts with students; repayment of funds expended; deposit of repayments.

 

(a)  In addition to other powers heretofore granted to the trustees of the University of Wyoming, the board may offer and provide, in whole or in part at the university or in whole or in part at other institutions, universities or colleges within or without the state, a course of training and education in the field of professional health services including and limited to medicine, dentistry, veterinary, optometry or nursing.

 

(b)  To accomplish the purposes hereof and in order that degrees in such fields of professional health services may be awarded by the university the board of trustees may enter into contracts with other institutions, universities or colleges within or without the state that maintain schools for the training and education of students in professional health services and to expend its funds in connection therewith.

 

(c)  Students desiring to avail themselves of the opportunities under this section, before enrolling for such courses and having passed a competitive examination, must be approved by the president of the university acting with the advice of the respective state board in each particular field.  No student shall be approved by the president unless the student or the student's father, mother or lawful guardian are residents of Wyoming and have been residents for not less than five (5) years immediately prior thereto.

 

(d)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section, before expending any funds the board of trustees shall obtain an agreement from each student whereby the student agrees to:

 

(i)  Authorize the state of Wyoming to pay all tuition costs incurred in his or her medical education as determined by any contract between the state of Wyoming and the school of medicine providing that education; and

 

(ii)  Actively engage in professional practice or other professional pursuits in Wyoming for not to exceed three (3) years as the board requires.  The taking of a family practice residency program in the state shall be credited toward the practice requirements at the rate of one-third (1/3) year of practice for each year of service in a family practice residency program in the state; or

 

(iii)  Repay all amounts expended by the state of Wyoming under paragraph (i) of this subsection on the student's education, together with interest which shall begin accruing after the student's residency but in no event later than eight (8) years after the student enters into an agreement, upon terms specified by the board.  However, interest shall begin to accrue if the board finds that the student has withdrawn from medical school or a residency program or is otherwise not making satisfactory progress toward completion of the degree or program.  Money expended under this subsection shall accrue at an annual interest rate equal to that charged for federal Stafford loans at the time interest begins to accrue, which rate shall be adjusted annually to match the federal Stafford loan rate.  In no event shall the interest rate be greater than eight percent (8%);

 

(iv)  Repealed By Laws 2011, Ch. 176, 2.

 

(e)  Any amounts paid by medical students in accordance with the contractual arrangements authorized under this section effective July 1, 2005, and thereafter, shall be deposited into a special fund designated the Medical School Student Fund, maintained and separately accounted for by the University of Wyoming, which fund may be added to by specific contributions from other sources.  The fund may be invested, at the discretion of the president of the University of Wyoming and the dean of the College of Health Sciences, for the production of income.  The investment income shall be expended by the University of Wyoming for assistance and scholarships to medical students as authorized by the president of the University of Wyoming and the dean of the College of Health Sciences.  The principal of the fund established shall remain unimpaired and only the income derived therefrom may be collected and expended from year to year.  On or before October 1 of each year, the university shall submit a report to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee on income to the fund and expenditures from fund earnings during the prior fiscal year.

 

(f)  Upon recommendation of the president of the university, the board of trustees may relieve a student of the obligation to repay amounts expended under paragraph (i) of this subsection, in whole or in part, where repayment would cause undue hardship. The university shall annually report the number of students relieved from repayment under this subsection to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee not later than October 1.

 

21-17-110.  Regional college of veterinary medicine; University of Wyoming Board of Trustees authorized to participate.

 

The University of Wyoming Board of Trustees may enter into agreements with the governing bodies of other universities or states for the purpose of providing for regionalized veterinary medical education and services.  No final agreement is binding unless approved by the legislature.

 

21-17-111.  Contracts to provide training in physical therapy.

 

The University of Wyoming may enter into contracts with institutions, universities and colleges which maintain schools for the training and education of students of physical therapy services to provide such training and education to Wyoming residents.

 

21-17-112.  Repealed by Laws 1993, ch. 228, 2.

 

21-17-113.  Agreements with universities, colleges, associations, agencies and corporations; applicability.

 

(a)  In addition to other powers granted to the trustees of the University of Wyoming, the trustees may enter into agreements with other institutions, universities, colleges, community colleges, boards of trustees of school districts, agencies, associations or corporations, within or without the state, providing for the offering of courses or programs of instruction, in whole or in part, at, or in cooperation with, such other institutions or agencies, or for the delivery of instruction, performance of services, or provision of materials or facilities. Such agreements may provide for the granting of University of Wyoming credit or degrees for collegiate work completed pursuant to such agreements.

 

(b)  Nothing in this section alters or otherwise affects any other law authorizing the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming to offer or provide any programs or courses of instruction or to enter into agreements with other institutions, universities or colleges to provide such programs or courses of instruction, nor does any other law limit or otherwise affect the board of trustees' authority under this section.

 

21-17-114.  Scholarship fund for students planning teaching careers authorized; eligibility; rulemaking authority granted.

 

(a)  The board of trustees is authorized to establish a tuition scholarship fund for students planning teaching careers. The purpose of this tuition scholarship fund is to encourage Wyoming students demonstrating superior academic achievement to pursue careers in teaching within the state of Wyoming. Each year the board may award scholarships to sixteen (16) Wyoming high school graduates covering five hundred dollars ($500.00) per semester of the cost of tuition at the university or any community college in the state who major in education. No student is eligible to apply for a scholarship under this section unless the student or his mother, father or lawful guardian is a resident of Wyoming and has been a resident of Wyoming for at least five (5) years.  Scholarships under this section shall be in addition to any Hathaway scholarship awarded a student under W.S. 21-16-1301 et seq., but shall be considered for purposes of calculating unmet financial need for Hathaway need based scholarships.

 

(b)  Repealed by Laws 1995, ch. 71, 2.

 

(c)  The board shall promulgate university regulations necessary to carry out the purposes of this section, including procedures for application and selection of recipients.

 

(d)  No student shall be awarded a scholarship under this section to attend more than ten (10) semesters of which no more than five (5) semesters shall be at a community college.

 

21-17-115.  University technology transfer center program.

 

(a)  The University of Wyoming may operate a technology transfer center and provide training to Wyoming county and municipality employees regarding current trends in transportation technology. The funding of the program shall be administered by the Wyoming department of transportation.  The cost of the program shall be provided by each of the following contributing a minimum of twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000.00) each regardless of any contribution from the federal government or other nonstate sources, or up to a maximum of thirty-one thousand two hundred fifty dollars ($31,250.00) each provided the federal government or other nonstate sources contribute an amount equal to the total monies provided by the following  as specified:

 

(i)  Wyoming department of transportation from available funds;

 

(ii)  Counties as provided in W.S. 24-2-110(c)(i);

 

(iii)  Cities and towns as provided in W.S. 39-17-111(d)(iii)(A);

 

(iv)  University of Wyoming from available funds.

 

(b)  The university shall annually certify the cost of the state's share of the program to the transportation commission which shall transfer the amounts specified in W.S. 24-2-110(c)(i) and 39-17-111(d)(iii)(A) to the university to be used for funding the program.

 

21-17-116.  Course in field of advanced practice registered nurse in psychiatry; authority to offer; contracts with students; repayment of funds expended; deposit of repayments.

 

(a)  In addition to other powers heretofore granted to the trustees of the University of Wyoming, the board may offer and provide, in whole or in part at the university or in whole or in part at other institutions, universities or colleges within or without the state, a course of training and education in the field of nursing for advanced practice registered nurses in psychiatry. 

 

(b)  To accomplish the purposes of this section and in order that degrees in advanced practice registered nurse in psychiatry may be awarded by the university, the board of trustees may enter into contracts with other institutions, universities or colleges within or without the state that maintain schools for the training and education of students in advanced practice registered nurse with a specialty in psychiatry and to expend its funds in connection therewith.

 

(c)  Students desiring to avail themselves of the opportunities under this section, before enrolling for the courses, shall be approved by the president of the university acting with the advice of the state board of nursing.  No student shall be approved by the president unless the student has obtained not less than a baccalaureate degree as a registered nurse. Preference under this section shall be given to applicants who individually or whose spouse, parent or legal guardian meets the requirements of W.S. 21-17-105(d)(i) through (v).

 

(d)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section, before expending any funds the board of trustees shall obtain an agreement from each student whereby the student agrees to authorize the state of Wyoming to pay not more than ten thousand dollars ($10,000.00) for each academic semester, or not more than two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500.00) for each summer session, the student is enrolled as a full-time student in an approved course of study as determined by any contract between the state of Wyoming and the school of nursing providing that education.  Students enrolled on a part-time basis during an academic semester may agree to receive payments reduced proportionally based upon the number of credit hours for which the student is enrolled for that semester, where nine (9) credit hours constitutes a full-time student.  The student shall agree either to:

 

(i)  Actively engage in professional practice as an advanced practice registered nurse in psychiatry in Wyoming for up to one (1) year for each academic year of full-time attendance for which payments under this section are made, but not to exceed a total of two (2) years, as the board requires.  Qualified work shall be granted on a proportional basis; or

 

(ii)  Repay all amounts expended by the state of Wyoming under this subsection on the student's education, together with interest which shall begin accruing after the student's residency but in no event later than four (4) years after the student enters into an agreement, upon terms specified by the board.  However, interest shall begin to accrue if the board finds that the student has withdrawn from nursing school or a clinical program or is otherwise not making satisfactory progress toward completion of the degree or program.  Money expended under this subsection shall accrue at an annual interest rate equal to that charged for federal Stafford loans at the time interest begins to accrue, which rate shall be adjusted annually to match the federal Stafford loan rate.  In no event shall the interest rate be greater than eight percent (8%).

 

(e)  Upon recommendation of the president of the university, the board of trustees may relieve a student of the obligation to repay amounts expended under subsection (d) of this section, in whole or in part, where repayment would cause undue hardship. The university shall annually report the number of students relieved from repayment under this paragraph to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee not later than October 1.

 

(f)  Any amounts paid by advanced practice registered nurse students in psychiatry in accordance with the contractual arrangements authorized under this section effective July 1, 2008, and thereafter, shall be deposited into a special fund designated as the advanced practice registered nurse in psychiatry student fund, maintained and separately accounted for by the University of Wyoming, which fund shall be used solely for payments under subsection (d) of this section.  On or before October 1 of each year, the university shall submit a report to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee on expenditures from the fund during the prior fiscal year.

 

(g)  For purposes of this section:

 

(i)  "Advanced practice registered nurse" means as defined in W.S. 33-21-120(a)(i);

 

(ii)  "Enrolled as a full-time student" means enrolled in and attending not less than nine (9) credit hours per academic semester of approved studies, or as determined by the approved program for summer sessions.

 

21-17-117.  School of energy resources; creation authorized; University of Wyoming energy resources council established; reports.

 

(a)  Subject to legislative appropriation, the University of Wyoming shall operate the school of energy resources.

 

(b)  The school of energy resources shall have the following objectives:

 

(i)  To provide nationally competitive undergraduate and graduate instruction in energy related disciplines, particularly those of importance to develop Wyoming's energy resources;

 

(ii)  To advance the state-of-the-art in Wyoming energy related science, technology and economics research; and

 

(iii)  To support scientific and engineering outreach through dissemination of information to Wyoming's energy industries, companies, community colleges and governmental agencies.

 

(c)  The school of energy resources shall:

 

(i)  Establish relationships with Wyoming energy companies and coordinate with other energy industry organizations to sustain and optimize the development of Wyoming's energy portfolio.  For the purposes of this section, Wyoming's energy portfolio includes both nonrenewable and renewable resources;

 

(ii)  Establish relationships with the Wyoming community colleges creating local programs to enrich students' education in the Wyoming energy industry operations;

 

(iii)  Maintain flexibility in its focus and structure to be capable of responding to the changing needs of Wyoming's energy industries with regard to instruction, research and outreach.

 

(d)  The university's board of trustees shall establish the structure and policies for operation of the school of energy resources consistent with this section, and shall engage as many academic departments and colleges as possible in support of the school.

 

(e)  The University of Wyoming energy resources council is created and shall provide direction to the school of energy resources regarding identifying and prioritizing issues which should be targeted for research and outreach.  The University of Wyoming energy resources council shall consist of eleven (11) members, including the president of the university and the director of the Ruckleshaus institute of environment and natural resources, both of whom are ex officio nonvoting members.  One (1) member of the house of representatives shall be appointed by the speaker of the house and one (1) member of the senate shall be appointed by the president of the senate. Each appointed legislative member shall serve a two (2) year term.  The remaining seven (7) members shall be appointed for terms of three (3) years, except that for the initial appointments two (2) members shall be appointed for one (1) year and two (2) members shall be appointed for two (2) years.  These seven (7) members shall represent to the greatest extent practicable the diverse components of Wyoming's energy industries, and shall be appointed by the governor and approved with the advice and consent of the senate, in accordance with W.S. 28-12-101 through 28-12-103.  The council shall select a chairman and vice-chairman from among its members.

 

(f)  The university shall report annually, not later than October 1, to the joint minerals, business and economic development interim committee, the joint appropriations interim committee and the joint education interim committee regarding all revenues to and expenditures by the school of energy resources during the preceding fiscal year, accomplishments of the school of energy resources and its benefits to Wyoming's energy economy.

 

21-17-118.  Student support and student financial aid fund; rulemaking authority granted.

 

(a)  The board of trustees is authorized to establish a student support and student financial aid fund for students at the university.  The fund shall include those monies collected by the university pursuant to W.S. 31-2-219 and such other gifts, contributions, donations, grants, or other funds provided to the university for purposes of this section.  Financial aid funded under this section shall be in addition to any Hathaway scholarship awarded a student under W.S. 21-16-1301 et seq., but shall be considered for purposes of calculating unmet financial need for Hathaway need based scholarships.

 

(b)  The board shall promulgate university regulations necessary to carry out the purposes of this section, including procedures for application and selection of recipients of financial aid under this section. Revenues in the fund established under this section shall be used exclusively for student financial aid and for projects and programs that directly support students at the university. The board shall coordinate with the University of Wyoming Alumni Association in the university's administration of the student support funds and financial aid under this section in accordance with an agreement with that association, or its successor organization.

 

21-17-119.  Authority to offer course in dentistry through contracts with other institutions; contracts with students; repayment of funds expended; deposit of repayments.

 

(a)  In addition to other powers granted to the trustees of the University of Wyoming, the board may offer and provide at other institutions, universities or colleges, a course of training and education in the field of dentistry. 

 

(b)  To accomplish the purposes of this section, the board of trustees may enter into contracts with other institutions, universities or colleges outside the state that maintain schools for the training and education of students in dentistry and to expend funds appropriated for this purpose in connection therewith.

 

(c)  In entering into contracts with institutions, the board of trustees shall give preference to institutions that agree to provide students with a training rotation or externship in Wyoming.

 

(d)  Students desiring to avail themselves of the opportunities under this section, before enrolling for such courses and having completed the admissions process into the dental education program at a school of dentistry with which the university has an agreement under subsection (a) of this section, must be approved by the president of the university acting with the advice of the state board of dentistry.  No student shall be approved by the president unless the student or the student's father, mother or lawful guardian are residents of Wyoming and have been residents for not less than five (5) years immediately prior thereto.

 

(e)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (c) of this section, before expending any funds the board of trustees shall obtain an agreement from each student whereby the student agrees to:

 

(i)  Authorize the state of Wyoming to pay the costs of education incurred in his dentistry education as determined by any contract between the state of Wyoming and the school of dentistry providing that education: and

 

(A)  Actively engage in professional practice or other professional pursuits in dentistry in Wyoming for a period of three (3) years; or

 

(B)  Repay all amounts expended by the state of Wyoming under this paragraph on the student's education, together with interest which shall begin accruing after the student's graduation, but in no event later than five (5) years after the student enters into an agreement, upon terms specified by the board.  However, interest shall begin to accrue if the board finds that the student has withdrawn from the school of dentistry or is otherwise not making satisfactory progress toward completion of the degree or program.  Money expended under this paragraph shall accrue interest at an annual rate equal to that charged for federal Stafford loans at the time interest begins to accrue, which rate shall be adjusted annually to match the federal Stafford loan rate.  In no event shall the interest rate be greater than eight percent (8%).

 

(ii)  During the time required to practice under subparagraph (i)(A) of this subsection, treat under terms and conditions specified in the agreement Wyoming patients eligible for services under the Wyoming Medical Assistance and Services Act or the child and parent health insurance program pursuant to Wyoming Statutes title 35, chapter 25. All contract provisions established under this paragraph shall be developed in consultation with the state board of dentistry and the department of health.

 

(f)  Upon recommendation of the president of the university, the board of trustees may relieve a student of the obligation to repay amounts expended under paragraph (d)(i) of this section, in whole or in part, where repayment would cause undue hardship. The university shall annually report the number of students relieved from repayment under this subsection to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee not later than October 1.

 

(g)  Any amounts paid by dentistry students in accordance with the contractual arrangements authorized under this section shall be deposited into a special account designated the Dentistry School Student Account, maintained and separately accounted for by the University of Wyoming, which account may be added to by specific contributions from other sources.  The account may be invested, at the discretion of the president of the University of Wyoming, for the production of income.  The investment income shall be expended by the University of Wyoming for assistance and scholarships to dentistry students as authorized by the president of the University of Wyoming and the dean of the college of health sciences.  The principal of the fund established shall remain unimpaired and only the income derived therefrom may be collected and expended from year to year.  On or before October 1 of each year, the university shall submit a report to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee on income to the fund and expenditures from fund earnings during the prior fiscal year.

 

21-17-120.  Wyoming conservation corps; creation authorized; reports.

 

(a)  The University of Wyoming shall establish a Wyoming conservation corps (WCC) program patterned after similar conservation corps programs in Utah, Montana and Colorado under which students in those states have performed service on conservation projects in Wyoming.  The WCC program shall begin in the summer of 2007.  The WCC program shall enter into agreements with state and federal agencies and private industry under which Wyoming students shall perform conservation projects in Wyoming prior to the students performing any work under those agreements.  The students who participate in the WCC program may be high school, community college or university students.  The students shall receive stipends and education financial awards for their service, as well as the educational and practical benefits of working on valuable conservation projects.  The WCC program shall be fully self-sustaining by the end of summer 2009.

 

(b)  The University of Wyoming shall report to the joint minerals, business and economic development interim committee and the joint travel, recreation, wildlife and cultural resources interim committee on October 1, 2007, and October 1, 2008, regarding expenditures made under this act, progress made by the WCC program toward financial self-sufficiency and the educational and conservation related benefits of the program.

 

21-17-121.  Advanced conversion technologies task force; members; compensation; proposals; report.

 

(a)  The advanced conversion technologies task force created pursuant to 2007 Wyoming Session Laws, Chapter 186, Section 2 shall exist until June 30, 2017.  The task force shall consist of the voting members of the Wyoming energy resources council created pursuant to W.S. 21-17-117(e), or their designees.

 

(b)  The task force shall meet at the call of the chairman.  The task force shall issue requests for proposals for research projects into clean coal and advanced conversion technologies.  The task force shall review and evaluate proposals for research into clean coal and advanced conversion technologies, subject to the following:

 

(i)  Proposals may be received from academic institutions and private industry proponents;

 

(ii)  Proposals shall be evaluated competitively on their probable benefits to the state of Wyoming and mineral and energy programs within this state;

 

(iii)  Proposals shall enhance and improve clean coal technologies and advanced conversion technologies.

 

(c)  The task force shall issue a report to the governor and the joint minerals, business and economic development interim committee annually, no later than September 30, including, but not limited to, recommendations regarding funding specific proposals for research into clean coal and advanced conversion technologies in Wyoming.

 

(d)  The task force shall be staffed by the governor's office with support from the University of Wyoming school of energy resources.  The task force may contract for administrative and research services to aid in preparation of the task force report.

 

(e)  Members of the task force who are not legislators shall not receive a salary but shall receive reimbursement for necessary travel and per diem expenses in the manner and amount provided for state employees under W.S. 9-3-102 and 9-3-103.  Members of the task force who are legislators shall be paid salary, per diem and travel expenses as provided in W.S. 28-5-101 for their official duties as members of the task force.

 

(f)  The advanced conversion technologies task force may award funds in the advanced conversion technologies research account to proposals for clean coal and advanced conversion technologies after submitting the task force's recommendations to the joint minerals, business and economic development interim committee.

 

21-17-122.  Accelerated baccalaureate degree in nursing for students with other baccalaureate degrees; contracts with students; repayment of funds expended; deposit of repayments.

 

(a)  Students desiring to participate in the University of Wyoming's accelerated program leading to a baccalaureate degree in nursing may avail themselves of the financial aid opportunities under this section subject to the following:

 

(i)  Before enrolling in the accelerated baccalaureate in nursing degree program, the student shall be approved by the president of the university acting with the advice of the state board of nursing;

 

(ii)  No student shall be approved by the president unless the student has obtained a baccalaureate degree in a discipline other than nursing;

 

(iii)  Preference for financial aid under this section shall be given to applicants who individually or through their spouse meet the requirements of W.S. 21-17-105(d).

 

(b)  In addition to the requirements of subsection (a), before granting any financial aid under this section the board of trustees shall obtain an agreement from each student whereby the student authorizes the state of Wyoming to pay not more than twenty-five thousand dollars ($25,000.00) for financial aid while the student is enrolled in the accelerated nursing degree program. The student shall agree either to:

 

(i)  Actively engage in work as a nurse in Wyoming for two (2) years, as the board of trustees requires. Qualified work shall be granted on a proportional basis; or

 

(ii)  Repay all amounts expended by the state of Wyoming under this subsection on the student's education, together with interest which shall begin accruing upon the student's graduation, upon terms specified by the board of trustees. However, interest shall begin to accrue if the board finds that the student has withdrawn from the degree program or is otherwise not making satisfactory progress toward completion of the degree program. Money expended under this subsection shall accrue at an annual interest rate equal to that charged for federal Stafford loans at the time interest begins to accrue, which rate shall be adjusted annually to match the federal Stafford loan rate. In no event shall the interest rate be greater than eight percent (8%).

 

(c)  Upon recommendation of the president of the university, the board of trustees may relieve a student of the obligation to repay amounts expended under subsection (b) of this section, in whole or in part, upon a finding that the monies cannot be collected. The university shall annually report the number of students relieved from repayment under this subsection to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee not later than October 1.

 

(d)  Loan repayment options under this section may be deferred for a period not to exceed five (5) years while a loan recipient is serving on full-time active duty with any branch of the military services of the United States.

 

(e)  Any recipient of a loan under this section who fails:

 

(i)  To complete the program for which the loan was provided shall commence cash repayment of the loan no later than forty-five (45) days after the recipient leaves the academic program;

 

(ii)  To obtain employment in the targeted occupation for which the person received the education within ninety (90) days after successfully obtaining the appropriate licensure, shall commence cash repayment of the loan within one hundred twenty (120) days after successfully obtaining the appropriate licensure; or

 

(iii)  To obtain the appropriate certification within one hundred eighty (180) days after completion of the program shall commence cash repayment of the loan.

 

(f)  Any amounts paid by students in accordance with the contractual arrangements authorized under this section shall be deposited into a special account designated as the accelerated baccalaureate degree in nursing student account, maintained and separately accounted for by the University of Wyoming, which account shall be used solely for payments on behalf of students under subsection (b) of this section. On or before October 1 of each year, the university shall submit a report to the joint labor, health and social services interim committee on expenditures from the account during the prior fiscal year.

 

21-17-123.  Program for certification of behavioral specialists.

 

The community college commission shall cooperate with the department of health and the University of Wyoming to develop a course of training and education in the field of professional health services for behavioral specialists with an emphasis in the care of persons dually diagnosed with an intellectual disability and a mental disorder. The course may be offered at the University of Wyoming or one (1) or more community colleges, or both, in collaboration. The program shall be designed to lead to certification as a behavioral health specialist pursuant to W.S. 42-4-120(j) and rules and regulations of the department of health. Certification may also be granted to behavioral specialists who have completed another training program that meets training standards established by the department and who pass a competency evaluation under direction of the department.

 

ARTICLE 2 - BOARD OF TRUSTEES

 

21-17-201.  Composition; appointment and qualifications of members generally; members ex officio; quorum.

 

The government of the university is vested in a board of twelve (12) trustees appointed by the governor, no two (2) of whom may be residents of the same county of the state.  At least one (1) trustee shall be appointed from each appointment district pursuant to W.S. 9-1-218.  Not more than seven (7) members of the board shall be registered in the same political party.  The governor, the president of the university, the state superintendent of public instruction, the director of the department of education and the president of the associated students of the university are members ex officio, having the right to speak, but not to vote.  A majority of the board is a quorum.

 

21-17-202.  Term; appointment of additional trustees; appointment of successors; vacancies; members of faculty disqualified; removal.

 

(a)  The term of office of the trustees appointed is six (6) years.  During each session of the legislature, the governor shall nominate, and with the advice and consent of the senate, appoint successors to those trustees whose term of office has expired or will expire before the next session of the legislature.  Any vacancy in the board of trustees caused by death, resignation, removal from the state or otherwise, shall be filled by appointment by the governor as provided in W.S. 28-12-101.  No member of the faculty, while holding that position, shall ever be appointed a trustee.  The governor may remove any trustee as provided in W.S. 9-1-202.

 

(b)  Effective July 1, 1979, appointments and terms shall be in accordance with W.S. 28-12-101 through 28-12-103.

 

21-17-203.  To be body corporate; powers, duties and functions generally.

 

The board of trustees and their successors in office constitute a body corporate by the name of "the trustees of the University of Wyoming".  They possess all the powers necessary or convenient to accomplish the objects and perform the duties prescribed by law, and shall have custody of the books, records, buildings and all other property of the university.  The board shall elect a president, secretary and treasurer, who shall perform the duties prescribed in the bylaws of the board.  The treasurer shall execute a bond, with approved sureties in double the sum likely to come into his hands, for the faithful discharge of his duties.  The term of office of board officers, their duties severally and the times for holding meetings shall be fixed in the bylaws of the board.  A majority of the board constitutes a quorum for the transaction of business but a less number may adjourn from time to time, and all routine business may be entrusted to an executive committee of three (3) members subject to such conditions as the bylaws of the board prescribe.  The board may from time to time appoint and authorize a person to examine and approve for payment all legal claims against the corporation.  The person shall give bond with surety approved by the board, payable to the state of Wyoming in such sum as the board may fix, conditioned for the faithful performance of his duties.  A certificate of appointment signed by the president and secretary of the board and the bond shall be filed with the state auditor.  At each meeting of the board all action taken by the person so appointed subsequent to the immediately preceding board meeting shall be submitted to the board for its approval or disapproval.  The actual and necessary traveling expenses of nonresident members in attending the annual meeting of the board may be audited by the auditing committee thereof and paid by warrant on the treasurer out of the general fund of the university.

 

21-17-204.  Additional powers and duties; sectarian or partisan instruction or test prohibited.

 

(a)  The board of trustees shall prescribe rules for the government of the university and all its branches, elect the requisite officers, professors, instructors and employees, a director of finance and budget and a superintendent of buildings and grounds, any of whom may be removed for cause, and fix the salary and term of office of each. The board of trustees shall prescribe the studies to be pursued and the textbooks to be used, and determine the qualifications of applicants for admission to the various courses of study.  No instruction either sectarian in religion or partisan in politics shall ever be allowed in any department of the university, and no sectarian or partisan test shall ever be exercised or allowed in the appointment of trustees or in the election or removal of professors, teachers or other officers of the university or in the admission of students thereto, or for any purpose whatsoever.  The board of trustees may:

 

(i)  Confer such degrees and grant such diplomas as are usual in universities or as they deem appropriate;

 

(ii)  Through bylaws confer upon the faculty the power to suspend or expel students for causes therein prescribed;

 

(iii)  Possess and use for the benefit of the institution all property of the university;

 

(iv)  Hold, manage, lease or dispose of, according to law, any real or personal estate as is conducive to the welfare of the institution;

 

(v)  Expend the income placed under their control from whatever source derived, and exercise all other functions properly belonging to such a board and necessary to the prosperity of the university and all its departments.

 

21-17-205.  Report.

 

The trustees of the University of Wyoming, through their president, shall report to the governor as required by W.S. 9-2-1014 respecting the progress, condition and wants of the university and of each school or department thereof, the course of study in each, the number of professors and students, the nature, costs and results of important investigations, and such other information as they deem important or as may be required by any law of this state, or of the United States.  The secretary and treasurer of the board of trustees shall prepare an itemized report showing the receipts and disbursements for the year, the appropriation resolution for that year, the purposes for which the revenue was expended, and the amount of revenue expended upon each school or department of work, including the experiment station.

 

21-17-206.  Secretary to take oath of office and administer oaths.

 

(a)  The secretary of the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming, before entering upon the duties of the office, shall take the oath of office provided for elective officers under the constitution of this state.

 

(b)  The secretary of the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming may administer oaths and affirmations to any person or persons in connection with the business of the university.

 

21-17-207.  University board composition; community college ex-officio member.

 

In addition to the members of the university board of trustees specified under W.S. 21-17-201, the director of the Wyoming community college commission shall serve as a member ex officio, having the right to speak but not to vote.

 

ARTICLE 3 - AGRICULTURE AND  EXTENSION WORK

 

21-17-301.  Supervision and management of farms and stations; director of experiments.

 

(a)  All the experiment farms and stations are under the supervision, management and control of the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming.

 

(b)  The board of trustees of the University of Wyoming may employ a director of experiments, who shall receive a salary fixed by the board and necessary traveling expenses, and shall perform such duties as assigned to him by the board.  The director of experiments, with the approval of the board, shall:

 

(i)  Manage and control the experiment farms;

 

(ii)  Manage, control and dispose of personal property used in connection with experiment farms and stations;

 

(iii)  Employ practical and experienced dry farmers, irrigation farmers, horticulturists, persons skilled in animal husbandry and other agents and servants, who shall under his direction cultivate the farms, conduct experiments thereon, demonstrate the adaptability of various soils and climatic conditions for the production of different kinds of grain, grasses, vegetables, shade, ornamental and fruitbearing trees, vines and bushes that may profitably be grown in the varied locations of the farms of the state, and conduct such other experiments as advisable in animal husbandry.

 

(c)  The director of the experiments shall carefully record, preserve and compile the results of all experiments and demonstrations and report the results publicly on a regular basis.

 

(d)  The sale and disposition of all crops and livestock raised or produced upon experiment farms shall be made by the director of the Wyoming agricultural experiment station jointly with the director of experiments.  Any money realized from sales in excess of the expense of conducting the farms shall be turned over to the treasury of the state.

 

(e)  Before purchasing any land for use in the agricultural experiment and research program at the University of Wyoming, the board of trustees shall determine the location of all lands owned by the state or any agency of the state and the use being made of such state lands.  The board of trustees shall negotiate with the agency of the state responsible for the administration and control of such state lands to determine the feasibility of leasing such state lands for use in the agricultural experiment and research program providing the lands available are suitable to the purpose.  Any state agency which owns or has responsibility for the administration and control of state lands shall negotiate with the University of Wyoming in leasing such lands, at the fair market value, provided the use of the land by the university is not inconsistent with the use for which the land is held by the state or agency.

 

21-17-302.  Location and acreage of farms; supervision and control.

 

(a)  The state may conduct experimental farms:

 

(i)  Repealed By Laws 2003, Ch. 147, 3.

 

(ii)  Repealed By Laws 2003, Ch. 147, 3.

 

(iii)  Repealed By Laws 2003, Ch. 147, 3.

 

(iv)  Repealed By Laws 2003, Ch. 147, 3.

 

(v)  At or near Sheridan, Sheridan county, Wyoming.

 

(b)  The board of trustees of the University of Wyoming and the department of family services shall conclude arrangements for agricultural experimental programs under their joint control to be conducted upon  and in connection with farm property of the Wyoming boys' school at Worland, Wyoming, using not less than eighty (80) and not more than one hundred (100) acres of ground on the premises. The arrangements shall include provision for an apartment in the buildings of the institute as living quarters for the superintendent of programs and for availability in the operations of labor from the institute's committed personnel as selected by the superintendent of the institute and jointly controlled during their working hours by that superintendent and the superintendent of the experimental station.

 

(c)  The board of trustees of the University of Wyoming shall provide for the operation of a research station at Powell, Wyoming to conduct programs related to  soils, vegetation diseases, fertilizers, insects, irrigation phases and other related factors, in order to effectuate reduction or elimination of causes detrimental to agriculture.  The board of trustees of the university may also provide for the operation of a sustainable agricultural research and extension center in Goshen county, Wyoming. 

 

21-17-303.  Appropriation of funds.

 

Revenue within the agricultural college account provided by W.S. 9-4-310(c)(i) is appropriated and may be used by the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming for any purpose connected with the supporting and maintenance of the agricultural college at the University of Wyoming not inconsistent or in conflict with any act of congress.  The money shall be paid by the state treasurer to the treasurer of the board of trustees of the state university upon the warrant of the state auditor upon request of the board of trustees.

 

21-17-304.  Acceptance of federal grants; administration.

 

(a)  The state of Wyoming assents to and accepts the conditions of the acts of the United States Congress cited as 7 U.S.C. sections 301 through 390j and 16 U.S.C. sections 590a through 590q-3, and future acts amendatory or supplemental thereto.

 

(b)  Except as otherwise provided by congress or the laws of Wyoming, all money authorized by subsection (a) of this section shall be received by the state treasurer and transferred to the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming. The trustees of the University of Wyoming shall annually appropriate and designate the uses of the money received under subsection (a) of this section which shall be in conformity with the terms of the grant.

 

(c)  The board of trustees of the University of Wyoming shall have prepared necessary reports and take other actions necessary to comply with the requirements of and obtain grants and administer programs pursuant to subsection (a) of this section.  Agricultural extension work shall be carried on in connection with the college of agriculture of the university.

 

21-17-305.  County cooperation in extension work; districts; county agents.

 

(a)  A board of county commissioners may cooperate in extension work in agriculture and home economics in the county under the supervision of the agricultural college of the university and for that purpose may annually appropriate and expend any amount the board deems expedient so long as this levy and all levies for general county government do not exceed the constitutional mill limit.

 

(b)  Any two (2) or more contiguous counties may unite in the formation of a district for the purposes of subsection (a) of this section.  The district formed shall be regarded as a single county for the purposes of this section and is entitled to the same benefits as if the district were one (1) county.  No county included in a district is entitled to any benefits of this section so long as the district receives benefits under this section.

 

(c)  Any county or district complying with this section upon request shall receive a county agent or agricultural expert to be provided by the agricultural college of the university.  The university shall provide a suitable agent or expert, qualified to do the work usually expected from a person educated in the science of agriculture.

 

(d)  The university trustees may receive and expend money from any source under the supervision of the agricultural college for the purposes of this section.

 

21-17-306.  Soil conservation  programs; state advisory board.

 

(a)  In formulating plans for soil conservation programs to be submitted to the secretary of agriculture the university shall select a state advisory board with the approval of the governor from persons who participate in soil conservation programs as recommended by committees of county associations of persons who participate in soil conservation programs. The director of the department of agriculture is an ex officio member of the state advisory board.

 

(b)  In implementing approved soil conservation program plans the university may:

 

(i)  Employ and designate such  agencies as it deems necessary to cooperate with local and state agencies, agencies of other states and the federal  government;

 

(ii)  Provide for the conduct of research and educational activities;

 

(iii)  Provide by voluntary methods  for adjustments in the utilization of land and farming practices and for payment in connection therewith.

 

21-17-307.  Leases authorized; scope of authority to lease.

 

(a)  The trustees of the University of Wyoming may grant mineral leases in the name of the state of Wyoming to any lands acquired in the name of the state of Wyoming for experimental farm purposes.  This authority extends to those lands transferred into the control of the trustees of the University of Wyoming by chapter 99, Session Laws of Wyoming, 1923, and all other land theretofore or thereafter acquired in the name of the state of Wyoming for experimental farm purposes and now under the administration and control of the trustees of the University of Wyoming, whether or not acquired pursuant to express legislative authorization.

 

(b)  Mineral leases executed under the authority hereby granted shall be executed by such persons, shall be granted upon terms prescribed by the state board of land commissioners for the leasing of other state lands and shall include such additional provisions as the trustees of the University of Wyoming determine to be necessary to protect the surface of the lands or the use thereof for university purposes.

 

(c)  If land used for experimental farm purposes is leased under this section, and it becomes untenable for experimental purposes by virtue of mineral production or exploration thereon, the trustees shall, without unnecessary delay, obtain other lands in the same general vicinity.  In all cases the land obtained, whether by grant, purchase or gift, must be within the boundaries of the same county as the land rendered untenable and must be suitable for experimental farm purposes.  The trustees shall take immediate steps to reestablish an operating experimental farm on the land obtained.

 

(d)  All amounts received under mineral leases, including bonus payments, delay rentals and royalties, shall be expended for the purposes of the University of Wyoming as the trustees of the University of Wyoming may determine.

 

21-17-308.  Wyoming state veterinary laboratory.

 

(a)  The division of microbiology and veterinary medicine, college of agriculture, University of Wyoming shall manage, operate and maintain the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory.  All records, property, personnel and unused funds of the Wyoming livestock board designated for the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory shall be transferred to the division of microbiology and veterinary medicine.

 

(b)  The Wyoming state veterinary laboratory shall:

 

(i)  Inquire into, maintain records of and prepare an annual report of the causes of contagious, infectious and communicable diseases found among livestock in this state; assist in the determination of means for the prevention and treatment of such diseases; and collect and disseminate information on these and other animal health related subjects valuable to the livestock interests of Wyoming;

 

(ii)  Assist licensed veterinarians and the livestock industry in this state in making diagnoses at their request;

 

(iii)  Assist licensed veterinarians in this state with proper collection and shipment of diagnostic materials; and

 

(iv)  Otherwise provide services and consultation upon request of licensed veterinarians and the livestock industry in this state.

 

(c)  There is created a six (6) member advisory council hereafter known as the council.  The council shall advise the division of microbiology and veterinary medicine on matters pertaining to the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory and other matters that pertain to animal health.  Three (3) members of the council shall be appointed by the Wyoming board of veterinary medicine and three (3) members shall be appointed by the Wyoming livestock board.   The head of the division of microbiology and veterinary medicine shall be an ex officio member of the council. Council members shall serve a term of three (3) years.  The initial council shall constitute itself so that no more than two (2) members will be replaced each year.  The council shall elect a chairman and secretary from its membership.   The council shall meet at least semiannually and on other occasions as deemed necessary by the council.  Authorized travel expenses of the council members shall be paid by the agency responsible for their appointment in the same manner and amount as provided by W.S. 9-3-102.

 

(d)  The annual report of the council shall be prepared for the governor, Wyoming livestock board, Wyoming board of veterinary medicine, president of the University of Wyoming and such other individuals deemed necessary by the council.  The cost of printing the annual report shall be borne by the budget of the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory.

 

(e)  All individual identifying client information in the records and information maintained or collected by the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory related to diagnosis of contagious, infectious, communicable, toxic and genetic diseases of individual animals or herds shall be confidential and shall not be released except to the individual submitting the sample for diagnosis unless:

 

(i)  Laboratory testing results in the recognition of a state or federally reportable disease;

 

(ii)  It is in the best interests of animal or human public health, as determined by the director of the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory or his designee, to release the information; or

 

(iii)  The release of the information is required by state or federal law.  Nothing in this subsection shall affect the duty of the Wyoming state veterinary laboratory or any other person to report contagious or infectious diseases as required by state or federal law.

 

ARTICLE 4 - CAPITAL CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS

 

21-17-401.  Certain portions of campus restricted to park or recreational purposes; construction of buildings or structures prohibited thereon.

 

(a)  That portion of the campus of the University of Wyoming described as follows is restricted to park or recreational purposes only and no structure shall be constructed on the tract without the approval of the legislature:

 

(i)  A tract of land in the southwest corner of the property known as the campus of the University of Wyoming, in Albany county, Wyoming, which is bounded on the south by a street in the city of Laramie designated as Ivinson Avenue; on the west by a street in the said city designated as Ninth (9th) Street; on the north by an easterly extension of the north line of the street in said city designated as University Avenue; and on the east by an extension, north and south, of the west line of the building known as Hoyt Hall and located on said campus.

 

(b)  In order to preserve the natural and open beauty of that portion of the University of Wyoming campus commonly known and referred to as "Prexy's Pasture", no structures, other than ornamental improvements, or buildings of any kind or type shall be located or constructed upon the portion of the campus described as follows:

 

(i)  All that portion of the East 1/2 of Section 33, Township 16 N, R 73 W, of the 6th PM, Albany county, Wyoming, bounded as follows:

 

(A)  Beginning at a point from which the East 1/4 corner of said Section 33 bears, South 83 degrees 15' East a distance of 803 feet; thence South 5 degrees 45' West a distance of 410 feet; thence North 84 degrees 15' West a distance of 578 feet; thence North 5 degrees 45' East a distance of 410 feet; thence North 84 degrees 15' East a distance of 578 feet, more or less, to the point of beginning.  Said parcel of land containing 5.44 acres, more or less.

 

21-17-402.  Short title.

 

W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450 shall be known and may be cited as the "University Securities Law."

 

21-17-403.  Purpose.

 

It is the purpose of this act to provide a procedure for financing any projects authorized by law and for the issuance of securities to evidence or reevidence obligations incurred in connection with any projects authorized by the legislature.  This act is supplemental in nature, and nothing herein contained shall be construed as authorizing any particular project nor as authorizing the incurrence of any obligations to defray the cost of any project or construction until the construction or project is specifically authorized by the legislature.

 

21-17-404.  Definitions.

 

(a)  As used in W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450:

 

(i)  "Acquisition" or "acquire" means the opening, laying out, establishment, purchase, construction, securing, installation, reconstruction, lease, gift, grant from the federal government, the state, any body corporate and politic therein, or any person, the endowment, bequest, devise, transfer, assignment, option to purchase, other contract, or any combination thereof, of any properties pertaining to a project, or an interest therein;

 

(ii)  "Board" means the board of trustees of the University of Wyoming constituting the governing body of the university and a body corporate and politic by the name of "The Trustees of the University of Wyoming", as a political subdivision of the state and means any successor governing body of the university;

 

(iii)  "Commercial bank" means a state or national bank or trust company which is a member of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation, including without limitation any trust bank as herein defined;

 

(iv)  "Cost of any project", or any phrase of similar import, means all or any part designated by the board of the cost of any project, or interest therein, which cost, at the option of the board may include all or any part of the incidental costs pertaining to the project, including without limitation:

 

(A)  Preliminary expenses advanced by the university from funds available for use therefor, or advanced by the state, the federal government, or from any other source, with the approval of the board, or any combination thereof;

 

(B)  The costs in the making of surveys, audits, preliminary plans, other plans, specifications, estimates of costs, and other preliminaries;

 

(C)  The costs of premiums on builders' risk insurance and performance bonds, or a reasonably allocable share thereof;

 

(D)  The costs of appraising, printing, estimates, advice, services of engineers, architects, financial consultants, attorneys at law, clerical help, or other agents or employees;

 

(E)  The costs of making, publishing, posting, mailing and otherwise giving any notice in connection with a project, the filing or recordation of instruments, the taking of options, the issuance of bonds and other securities, and bank fees and expenses;

 

(F)  The costs of contingencies;

 

(G)  The costs of the capitalization with proceeds of bonds or other securities issued hereunder of any operation and maintenance expenses appertaining to any facilities to be acquired as a project and of any interest on bonds or other securities for any period not exceeding the period estimated by the board to effect the project plus one (1) year, of any discount on bonds or other securities and of any reserves for the payment of the principal of and interest on the bonds or other securities, of any replacement expenses and of any other cost of issuance of the bonds or other securities;

 

(H)  The costs of amending any resolution or other instrument authorizing the issuance of or otherwise appertaining to outstanding bonds or other securities of the university;

 

(J)  The costs of funding any emergency loans, construction loans and other temporary loans of not exceeding three (3) years appertaining to a project and of the incidental expenses incurred in connection with the loans; and

 

(K)  All other expenses necessary or desirable and appertaining to a project, as estimated or otherwise ascertained by the board.

 

(v)  "Facilities" means buildings, structures, or other income producing facilities from the operation of which or in connection with which pledged revenues for the payment of any bonds or other securities issued hereunder are derived, including without limitation any facilities to be acquired with the proceeds of the bonds or securities issued hereunder;

 

(vi)  "Federal government" means the United States, or any agency, instrumentality or corporation thereof;

 

(vii)  "Federal securities" means bills, certificates of indebtedness, notes, bonds or similar securities which are direct obligations of, or the principal and interest of which securities are unconditionally guaranteed by, the United States;

 

(viii)  "Gross revenues" or "gross pledged revenues" means all pledged revenues received by the university and pledged for the payment of any securities issued hereunder;

 

(ix)  "Holder" when used in conjunction with any bonds or any other securities issued hereunder, means the registered owner of the designated item;

 

(x)  "Improvement" or "improve" means the extension, widening, lengthening, betterment, alteration, reconstruction or other major improvement, or any combination thereof, of any properties pertaining to a project, or an interest therein, but does not mean renovation, reconditioning, patching, general maintenance or other minor repair;

 

(xi)  "Net revenues" or "net pledged revenues" means gross revenues after the deduction of operation and maintenance expenses;

 

(xii)(A)  "Operation and maintenance expenses" means all reasonable and necessary current expenses of the university, paid or accrued, of operating, maintaining and repairing the facilities pertaining to the pledged revenues for the payment of the bonds or other securities issued hereunder and may include at the board's option except as limited by contract or otherwise limited by law, without limiting the generality of the foregoing:

 

(I)  Legal and overhead expenses of the various university departments directly related and reasonably allocable to the administration of the facilities;

 

(II)  Fidelity bond and insurance premiums appertaining to the facilities, or a reasonably allocable share of a premium of any blanket bond or policy pertaining to the facilities;

 

(III)  The reasonable charges of any paying agent, commercial bank, trust bank, or other depository bank appertaining to any securities issued by the board or appertaining to any facilities;

 

(IV)  Contractual services, professional services, salaries, administrative expenses and costs of labor appertaining to facilities;

 

(V)  The costs incurred by the board in the collection of all or any part of the pledged revenues, including without limitation revenues appertaining to any facilities;

 

(VI)  Any costs of utility services furnished to the facilities by the university or otherwise; and

 

(VII)  Reasonable allowances for the depreciation of furniture and equipment for the facilities.

 

(B)  "Operation and maintenance expenses" does not include:

 

(I)  Any allowance for depreciation except as otherwise provided in W.S. 21-17-404(a)(xii)(A)(VI);

 

(II)  Any costs of reconstruction, improvements, extensions or betterments;

 

(III)  Any accumulation of reserves for capital replacements;

 

(IV)  Any reserves for operation, maintenance or repair of any facilities;

 

(V)  Any allowance for the redemption of any bond or other security evidencing a loan or other obligations or the payment of any interest thereon;

 

(VI)  Any liabilities incurred in the acquisition or improvement of any properties comprising any project or any existing facilities, or any combination thereof; and

 

(VII)  Any other ground of legal liability not based on contract.

 

(xiii)  "Person" means a corporation, firm, other body corporate excluding the federal government, the state, or any other body corporate and politic, partnership, association or individual, and also includes an executor, administrator, trustee, receiver or other representative appointed according to law;

 

(xiv)(A)  "Pledged revenues" means the monies pledged wholly or in part for the payment of bonds or other securities issued hereunder, and, subject to any existing pledges or other contractual limitations, may include at the board's discretion, income or monies derived from one (1), all or any combination of the following revenue sources, including without limitation student fees and other fees, rates and charges appertaining thereto:

 

(I)  Dormitories, apartments and other housing facilities;

 

(II)  Cafeterias, dining halls and other food service facilities;

 

(III)  Student union and other student activities facilities;

 

(IV)  Store or other facilities for the sale or lease of books, stationery, student supplies, faculty supplies, office supplies and like material;

 

(V)  Stadium, arena, theater, fieldhouse and other athletic or recreation facilities for use in part by spectators or otherwise;

 

(VI)  Land and any structures, other facilities, or other improvements thereon used or available for use for the parking of vehicles used for the transportation by land or air of persons to or from the land and any improvements thereon;

 

(VII)  Properties providing heat or any other utility furnished by the university to any facilities on its campus;

 

(VIII)  Services, contracts, investments and other miscellaneous unrestricted sources of income not hereinabove designated, whether presently realized or to be realized, and accounted for in a miscellaneous sales and services fund or account;

 

(IX)  That account commonly known as the university account within the permanent land income fund, pursuant to section 8 of the Act of Admission of the state of Wyoming; and

 

(X)  The board's proportion for the benefit of the university of the monies remitted by the United States to the state and accounted for as provided by law pursuant to W.S. 9-4-601.

 

(B)  "Pledged revenues" does not include income or monies derived in connection with any of the following:

 

(I)  Any tuition charges and registration fees;

 

(II)  The levy of any general (ad valorem) property taxes;

 

(III)  Any grants, appropriations or other donations from the federal government, the state or any other donor; and

 

(IV)  Any buildings, structures, or other facilities of the board not hereinabove designated in this paragraph.

 

(xv)  "President of the board" means the de facto or de jure president of the trustees of the University of Wyoming, or his successor in functions, if any;

 

(xvi)  "President of the university" means the de facto or de jure presiding officer of the University of Wyoming and its chief administrative officer, or his successor in functions, if any;

 

(xvii)  "Project" means any purpose or purposes which the board is otherwise authorized by law to do and to defray the cost of which project the board is otherwise authorized by law to issue bonds or other securities hereunder;

 

(xviii)  "Registration fees" means any charges paid by any student for the privilege of registering for attendance in the university except for any charges appertaining to those revenue sources provided by W.S. 21-17-404(a)(xiv)(A)(I) through (IX);

 

(xix)  "Secretary of the board" means the de facto or de jure secretary of the trustees of the University of Wyoming, or his successor in functions, if any;

 

(xx)  "Securities" means notes, warrants, bonds, temporary bonds, and interim debentures authorized to be issued hereunder in the name and on the behalf of the board or of the university for the benefit of the university;

 

(xxi)  "State" means the state of Wyoming;

 

(xxii)  "Treasurer of the board" means the de facto or de jure treasurer of the trustees of the University of Wyoming, or his successor in functions, if any;

 

(xxiii)  "Treasurer of the university" means the de facto or de jure deputy treasurer of the board and ex officio treasurer of the University of Wyoming, or his successor in functions, if any;

 

(xxiv)  "Trust bank" means a commercial bank which is authorized to exercise and is exercising trust powers and also means any branch of the federal reserve bank;

 

(xxv)  "Tuition charges" means the price of, or payment for, general and special instruction of students as defined and determined from time to time by the board;

 

(xxvi)  "United States" means the United States of America;

 

(xxvii)  "University" means the University of Wyoming, the state university located in the city of Laramie, in the county of Albany and state of Wyoming;

 

(xxviii)  "This act" means W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450.

 

21-17-405.  Securities redeemable out of pledged revenue; board's liability; earnings test; schedule of payments; calculations of university treasurer.

 

(a)  Any bonds or other securities issued under this act, together with any interest accruing thereon and any prior redemption premiums due in connection therewith, are payable and collectible solely out of net pledged revenues.  The bond or security holders may not look to any general or other fund for payment of the securities, except the net revenues pledged therefor.  The securities shall not constitute an indebtedness or a debt within the meaning of any constitutional or statutory provision or limitation, if any limitation appertains thereto.  The bonds or other securities shall not be considered or held to be general obligations of the board but shall constitute its special obligations and the board shall not pledge its full faith and credit for payment of the bonds or securities.

 

(b)  None of the covenants, agreements, representations and warranties contained in any resolution authorizing the issuance of bonds or other securities under this act or in any other instrument appertaining thereto, in the absence of any breach thereof, shall ever impose or shall be construed as imposing any liability, obligation, or charge against the board, except the special funds pledged therefor, or against its general credit, payable out of its general fund, or out of any funds derived from taxation.

 

(c)  Before any securities are actually issued payable from any net pledged revenues, except for any securities issued solely for the purpose of funding or refunding or both funding and refunding outstanding securities, any net pledged revenues for the next preceding twelve (12) months, for the next preceding calendar year, or for the next preceding fiscal year, as defined and otherwise determined by the board, shall be sufficient to pay an amount representing one hundred ten percent (110%) of the combined maximum annual principal and interest requirements to be paid during the twelve (12) months, calendar year or fiscal year of any outstanding securities payable from and constituting a lien upon the net pledged revenues and the securities proposed to be issued excluding any reserves therefor except as otherwise expressly provided in this section.

 

(d)  In any determination of whether or not any proposed securities meet the earnings test limiting their issuance as provided in subsection (c) of this section:

 

(i)  There shall be deducted from or added to any gross pledged revenues any estimated decrease or increase in the revenues resulting from any decreased or increased or additional fees, rates or charges fixed by the board, whether or not appertaining to any additional facilities for which the proposed securities are authorized to be issued; and

 

(ii)  There shall be deducted from or added to any operation and maintenance expenses any estimated decrease or increase in the expenses, whether or not resulting from any additional facilities for which the proposed securities are authorized to be issued.

 

(e)  The respective annual principal and interest requirements including as an interest requirement the amount of any prior redemption premiums due on any prior redemption date as of which any outstanding securities have been called or have been ordered by the board to be called for prior redemption shall be reduced to the extent the requirements are scheduled to be paid with any monies held in trust or escrow for that purpose in any trust bank subject to any limitations appertaining thereto in section 7, article 15, Wyoming constitution, including without limitation the known minimum yield from any investment or reinvestment of the money under W.S. 21-17-426.

 

(f)  The estimates and adjustments provided in subsections (d) and (e) of this section and the calculations required by subsection (c) of this section shall be made by the treasurer of the university which shall be conclusively presumed to be accurate.  This section does not prohibit the issuance of securities merely because there were no pledged revenues nor operation and maintenance expenses, in the absence of such adjustments, in the next preceding twelve (12) months, calendar year, or fiscal year, as the case may be.

 

(g)  This section does not prevent the board from providing an earnings test in any resolution authorizing the issuance of securities or in any other proceedings appertaining thereto which test limits the issuance of any additional securities.

 

21-17-406.  Payment not secured by pledge of university property.

 

The payment of securities shall not be secured by an encumbrance, mortgage, or other pledge of property of the board except for pledged revenues.  No property of the board except pledged revenues is liable to be forfeited or taken in payment of securities.

 

21-17-407.  No recourse against trustees.

 

No recourse shall be had for the payment of the principal of, any interest on and any prior redemption premiums due in connection with any bonds or other securities of the board or for any claim based thereon or otherwise upon the resolution authorizing their issuance or other instrument appertaining thereto, against any individual trustee of the board, past, present or future, either directly or indirectly through the board or the university, or otherwise, whether by virtue of any constitution, statute or rule of law, or by the endorsement of any penalty or otherwise, all such liability, if any, being by the acceptance of the securities and as a part of the consideration of their issuance specially waived and released.

 

21-17-408.  Securities not state obligations; state obligations generally.

 

(a)  Any bonds or other securities issued under this act are not securities, debts or obligations of the state and are not enforceable against the state.

 

(b)  The board may not obligate the state except as provided by W.S. 21-17-409, pledge, assign or encumber in any way or permit the pledging, assigning or encumbering of any revenue paid to the university except as designated in W.S. 21-17-404(a)(xiv)(A)(I) through (VI).

 

21-17-409.  Pledge not to amend or repeal W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450 to impair securities.

 

The faith of the state is hereby pledged that this act, any law supplemental or otherwise appertaining thereto and any other act concerning the bonds and other securities of the board or the university or the pledged revenues shall not be repealed nor amended or otherwise directly or indirectly modified in such a manner as to impair adversely any outstanding securities of the board until all such securities payable from the pledged revenues have been discharged in full or provision has been fully made therefor, including without limitation the known minimum yield from the investment or reinvestment of monies pledged therefor in investments under W.S. 21-17-426.

 

21-17-410.  Borrowing or otherwise becoming obligated to defray cost of authorized projects.

 

(a)  Where any project is otherwise authorized by law and where the board is otherwise authorized by law to issue its securities to defray the cost of the project, the board may borrow money or otherwise become obligated for the project and may evidence any obligation by the issuance of the board's securities.

 

(b)  In connection with any project so authorized, the board, except as otherwise provided, may:

 

(i)  Have and alter a corporate seal;

 

(ii)  Sue and be sued;

 

(iii)  Acquire and hold property, rights or interests therein and water rights;

 

(iv)  Dispose of unnecessary or obsolete property, or rights or interests therein;

 

(v)  Make contracts and execute all instruments necessary or convenient, as determined by the board;

 

(vi)  Acquire by contracts or by its own agents and employees, or otherwise acquire any properties as any project authorized and operate and maintain the properties; and

 

(vii)  Accept grants of money or materials or property of any kind from the federal government, the state, any agency or political subdivision thereof, or any person, upon such terms and conditions as the federal government, state, agency or political subdivision, or person may impose.

 

21-17-411.  Types of securities authorized.

 

(a)  The board may issue in one (1) series or more, without their being authorized at any election, in anticipation of net pledged revenues and constituting special obligations of the board, any one (1) or more or all of the following types of securities:

 

(i)  Notes evidencing any amount borrowed by the board;

 

(ii)  Warrants evidencing the amount due to any person for any services, or supplies, equipment or other materials furnished to the board or for the benefit of the university and appertaining to an authorized project;

 

(iii)  Bonds evidencing any amount borrowed by the board and constituting long-term financing;

 

(iv)  Temporary bonds pending the preparation of and exchangeable for definitive bonds of like character and in the principal amount when prepared and issued in compliance with the conditions and limitations provided by this act; and

 

(v)  Interim debentures, evidencing any emergency loans, construction loans, and other temporary loans of not exceeding three (3) years, in supplementation of long-term financing and the issuance of bonds, as provided in W.S. 21-17-433 through 21-17-436.

 

21-17-412.  Maturity dates of notes and warrants; extension or funding.

 

Notes and warrants may mature at such time or times not exceeding one (1) year from the date of their issuance as the board may determine.  They shall not be extended or funded except by the issuance of bonds or interim debentures in compliance with W.S. 21-17-433 and other provisions supplemental thereto.

 

21-17-413.  Temporary bonds.

 

Each temporary bond shall set forth substantially the same conditions, terms and provisions as the definitive bond for which it is exchanged.  Each holder of a temporary bond has all rights and remedies which he would have as a holder of the definitive bonds for which the temporary bond is to be exchanged.

 

21-17-414.  Resolution authorizing issuance of securities.

 

The resolution authorizing the issuance of any securities under this act shall describe the purpose or purposes for which they are issued at least in general terms and may describe any purpose in detail.

 

21-17-415.  General criteria for securities.

 

Except as otherwise provided, securities issued under this act shall be (a) in a form, (b) issued in a manner, at, above or below par, at public or private sale, and (c) issued with recitals, terms, covenants, conditions and other provisions, as may be provided by the board in a resolution authorizing their issuance and in an indenture or other proceedings appertaining thereto.

 

21-17-416.  Recital in resolution that securities are issued pursuant to W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450; effect of recital.

 

A resolution providing for the issuance of bonds or other securities under this act or an indenture or other proceedings appertaining thereto may provide that the securities contain a recital that they are issued pursuant to this act, which recital shall be conclusive evidence of their validity and the regularity of their issuance.

 

21-17-417.  Conditions which may be imposed by board; interest coupons.

 

(a)  As the board may determine, bonds and other securities issued under this act except as otherwise provided shall:

 

(i)  Be of a convenient denomination or denominations;

 

(ii)  Be fully negotiable within the meaning of and for all purposes of the Uniform Commercial Code, W.S. 34.1-8-101 through 34.1-8-603;

 

(iii)  Mature at such time or serially at such times in regular numerical order at annual or other designated intervals in amounts designated and fixed by the board, but not exceeding fifty (50) years from their date;

 

(iv)  Bear interest at fixed or variable rates to be payable at a time or place whether within or without the state as determined by the board.  The board may also enter into interest rate exchange agreements to properly manage interest costs with providers with a Standard & Poor's rating of at least "AA" or an equivalent rating from any other nationally recognized rating organization;

 

(v)  Be made payable in lawful money of the United States, at the office of the treasurer of the university or any commercial bank or commercial banks;

 

(vi)  Be printed at such place as the board may determine.

 

(b)  Repealed By Laws 2005, ch. 143, 2.

 

21-17-418.  Board and officers to execute securities; endorsement by university treasurer; facsimile signatures.

 

(a)  Bonds and other securities issued under this act shall be executed in the name of the board, shall be signed by the president of the board, shall be attested by the secretary of the board, shall be countersigned by the treasurer of the board and shall be authenticated by the official seal of the board.

 

(b)  The treasurer of the university shall endorse a certificate upon each bond or other security issued under this act that the bond or security is issued pursuant and according to law, does not exceed any lawful debt limit of the board and does not constitute an indebtedness within the meaning of any constitutional or statutory provision or limitation.

 

(c)  Any bonds or other securities, including without limitation any certificates endorsed thereon, may be executed as provided in W.S. 16-2-101 through 16-2-103.

 

(d)  The bonds and other securities, bearing the signatures of the officers in office at the time of the signing thereof, are the valid and binding obligations of the board notwithstanding that before the delivery and payment of the bonds or securities, any or all of the persons whose signatures appear thereon have ceased to fill their respective offices.

 

(e)  Any officer authorized or permitted to sign any bonds or any other securities, at the time of their execution and of a signature certificate appertaining thereto, may adopt as and for his own facsimile signature the facsimile signature of his predecessor in office in the event that the facsimile signature appears upon the bonds and other securities appertaining thereto, or any combination thereof.

 

21-17-419.  Redemption prior to maturity.

 

The board may provide for the redemption of any or all of the bonds or other securities prior to maturity, in such order, by lot or otherwise, at such time or times, without or with the payment of the premium or premiums not exceeding ten percent (10%) of the principal amount of each bond or other security so redeemed, and otherwise upon such terms as may be provided by the board in the resolution authorizing the issuance of the securities or other instrument appertaining thereto.

 

21-17-420.  Repurchase of securities by board.

 

Any bonds or other securities may be repurchased by the board out of any funds available for that purpose at a price of not more than the principal amount thereof and accrued interest, plus the amount of the premium, if any, which might on the next prior redemption date of the securities be paid to the holders thereof if the securities should be called for redemption on such date pursuant to their terms.  All securities repurchased shall be cancelled.  If the securities may not be called for prior redemption at the board's option within one (1) year from the date of their purchase, they may be repurchased without limitation as to price.

 

21-17-421.  Use of proceeds from issuance of securities; accrued interest and premiums.

 

All monies received from the issuance of any securities under this act shall be used solely for the purpose or purposes for which issued and to defray the cost of the project thereby delineated.  Any accrued interest and any premium shall be applied to the cost of the project or to the payment of the interest on or the principal of the securities, or both, or shall be deposited in a reserve therefor, or any combination thereof, as the board may determine.

 

21-17-422.  Use of surplus proceeds.

 

Any unexpended balance of the proceeds of securities remaining after the completion of the acquisition or improvement of properties pertaining to the project or otherwise the completion of the purpose or purposes for which the securities were issued shall be credited immediately to the fund or account created for the payment of the interest on or the principal of the securities, or both principal and interest, and shall be used therefor, subject to the provisions as to the times and methods for their payment as stated in the securities and the proceedings authorizing or otherwise appertaining to their issuance, or so paid into a reserve therefor, or any combination thereof, as the board may determine.

 

21-17-423.  Securities not affected by validity of project; purchaser not responsible as to application of proceeds.

 

(a)  The validity of any securities shall not be dependent on nor affected by the validity or regularity of any proceedings relating to a project or the proper completion of any purpose for which the securities are issued.

 

(b)  The purchaser or purchasers of the securities are not responsible for the application of the proceeds of the securities by the board or any officers, agents and employees of the board or the university, or of both.

 

21-17-424.  Creation of special funds and accounts.

 

The board in any resolution authorizing the issuance of bonds or other securities under this act or in any instrument or other proceedings appertaining thereto may create special funds and accounts for the payment of the cost of a project, of operation and maintenance expenses, of the securities, including the accumulation and maintenance of reserves therefor, of improvements, including the accumulation and maintenance of reserves therefor, and of other obligations appertaining to the securities, any project or otherwise in connection with the university.

 

21-17-425.  Authority of board to employ experts, enter into contracts for services regarding securities.

 

(a)  The board may employ legal, fiscal, engineering, and other expert services in connection with any project or otherwise appertaining to the university and the authorization, sale and issuance of bonds and other securities under this act.

 

(b)  The board is authorized to enter into any contracts or arrangements not inconsistent with this act with respect to the sale of bonds or other securities hereunder, the employment of bond counsel, and other matters as the board may determine to be necessary or desirable in accomplishing the purposes of this act.

 

21-17-426.  Investment of pledged revenues.

 

(a)  The board may cause to be invested and reinvested any pledged revenues and any proceeds of bonds or other securities issued hereunder in any investments authorized under W.S. 9-4-831 and may cause the revenues, proceeds of securities and investments to be deposited, subject to any limitations appertaining thereto in section 7, article 15, Wyoming Constitution, in any trust bank or banks and secured in such manner and subject to such terms and conditions as the board may determine, with or without the payment of any interest on the deposit, including without limitation time deposits evidenced by certificates of deposit.

 

(b)  Any investments under subsection (a) of this section may be sold and the proceeds reinvested or redeposited as provided in this section.

 

(c)  Sales and redemptions of any investments under subsection (a) of this section shall be made in season so that the proceeds may be applied to the purposes for which the money with which the investments were originally acquired was placed in the treasury of the board.

 

(d)  Any gain from any investments or reinvestments under this section may be credited to any fund or account pledged for the payment of any securities issued under this act, including any reserve therefor, or any other fund or account appertaining to a project or otherwise appertaining to the university.

 

(e)  Any commercial bank incorporated under the laws of this state which may act as depository of the proceeds of any securities issued hereunder, any investments under subsection (a) of this section owned by the board, any pledged revenues, and any monies otherwise appertaining to the university may furnish such indemnifying bonds or to pledge such investments or such other securities as may be required by the board.

 

21-17-427.  Covenants in resolution limiting powers to secure payment.

 

(a)  Any resolution providing for the issuance of any bonds or other securities under this act payable from pledged revenues and any indenture or other instrument or proceedings appertaining thereto may contain covenants or other provisions which may limit the exercise of powers conferred under this act, in order to secure the payment of the securities in agreement with the holders of the securities, including without limitation covenants or other provisions as to any of the following:

 

(i)  The pledged revenues to be fixed, charged or levied and the collection, use and disposition thereof, including but not limited to the foreclosure of liens for delinquents, the discontinuance of services, facilities or use of any properties or facilities, prohibition against free service, the collection of penalties and collection costs, and the use and disposition of any monies of the board, derived or to be derived, from any source herein designated;

 

(ii)  The acquisition, improvement or equipment of all or any part of properties pertaining to any project or any facilities;

 

(iii)  The creation and maintenance of reserves or sinking funds to secure the payment of the principal of and interest on any securities or of operation and maintenance expenses of any facilities, or part thereof, and the source, custody, security, regulation, use and disposition of any reserves or funds, including but not limited to the powers and duties of any trustee with regard thereto;

 

(iv)  A fair and reasonable payment by the board from available monies to the account of any designated facilities for services rendered thereby to the board or university;

 

(v)  The payment of the cost of any project by delineating the purpose or purposes to which the proceeds of the sale of securities may be applied, and the custody, security, use, expenditure, application and disposition thereof;

 

(vi)  The application of any accrued interest and any premium from the sale of any bonds or other securities hereunder to the cost of a project, to any bond fund or other fund or account for the payment of interest on or the principal of the bonds or other securities, or both interest and principal, or to any reserve fund or account therefor, or any combination thereof;

 

(vii)  The registration of the bonds or other securities for payment as to principal and interest;

 

(viii)  The endorsement of payments of interest on the bonds or other securities;

 

(ix)  The endorsement of payments of principal on the bonds or other securities;

 

(x)  The initial issuance of one (1) or more bonds or other securities in book-entry form aggregating the amount of the entire issue or any portion thereof, and the endorsement of payments of interest or principal, or both interest and principal, on the securities;

 

(xi)  The manner and circumstances in and under which any such bond or other securities may in the future, at the request of the holder thereof, be converted into bonds or other securities of smaller denominations;

 

(xii)  The reissuance of any outstanding bond or other securities, and the terms and conditions thereof, whether lost, apparently destroyed, wrongfully taken, or for any other reason, as provided in the Uniform Commercial Code, W.S. 34.1-8-101 through 34.1-8-603, or otherwise;

 

(xiii)  The temporary investment and any reinvestment of proceeds of bonds or other securities or pledged revenues in investments under W.S. 21-17-426;

 

(xiv)  The deposit of monies or investments under W.S. 21-17-426 with and securing their repayment by a commercial bank or banks;

 

(xv)  The pledge of and the creation of a lien upon pledged revenues or the proceeds of bonds or other securities pending their application to defray the cost of any project, or both such revenues and proceeds of securities, to secure the payment of bonds or other securities, issued under this act;

 

(xvi)  The payment of the principal of and interest on any securities, and the sources and methods thereof, the rank or priority of any securities as to any lien or security for payment, or the acceleration of any maturity of any securities, or the issuance of other or additional securities payable from or constituting a charge against or lien upon any pledged revenues or other monies pledged for the payment of securities and the creation of future liens and encumbrances there against;

 

(xvii)  The use, regulation, inspection, management, operation, maintenance or disposition, or any limitation or regulation of the use, of all or any part of the facilities or any property of the board or university and the making and enforcement of reasonable parietal rules that shall insure the use of the facilities by all students in attendance at the university who reside on the campus of the university, or otherwise, to the maximum extent to which the facilities are capable of serving the students;

 

(xviii)  The determination or definition of pledged revenues from any facilities or of operation and maintenance expenses of facilities, the use and disposition of the revenues and the manner of and limitations upon paying expenses;

 

(xix)  The creation of special funds and accounts appertaining to any pledged revenues or to the bonds or other securities issued under this act;

 

(xx)  The insurance to be carried by the board or any other person in interest and use and disposition of insurance monies, the acquisition of completion, performance, surety and fidelity bonds appertaining to any project or funds, or both, and the use and disposition of any proceeds of the bonds;

 

(xxi)  Books of account, the inspection and audit thereof, and other records appertaining to any project, facilities or pledged revenues;

 

(xxii)  The assumption or payment or discharge of any obligation, lien or other claim relating to any part of any project, any facilities, or any securities having or which may have a lien on any part of any pledged revenues or other monies of the board or university;

 

(xxiii)  Limitations on the powers of the board to acquire or operate, or permit the acquisition or operation of, any structures, facilities or properties which may compete or tend to compete with any facilities;

 

(xxiv)  The vesting in a corporate or other trustee or trustees such property, rights, powers and duties in trust as the board may determine which may include any or all of the rights, powers and duties of the trustee appointed by the holders of securities, and limiting or abrogating the right of the holders to appoint a trustee, or limiting the rights, duties and powers of the trustee;

 

(xxv)  The payment of costs or expenses incident to the enforcement of the securities or of the provisions of the resolution or of any covenant or contract with the holders of the securities;

 

(xxvi)  Events of default, rights and liabilities arising therefrom, and the rights, liabilities, powers and duties arising upon the breach by the board of any covenants, conditions or obligations;

 

(xxvii)  The terms and conditions upon which the holders of the securities or any portion, percentage or amount of them may enforce any covenants or provisions made under this act or duties imposed thereby;

 

(xxviii)  The terms and conditions upon which the holders of the securities or of a specified portion, percentage or amount thereof, or any trustee therefor, are entitled to the appointment of a receiver, which receiver may enter and take possession of any facilities or service, operate and maintain the same, prescribe fees, rates and charges, and collect, receive and apply all revenues thereafter arising therefrom in the same manner as the board itself might do;

 

(xxix)  A procedure by which the terms of any resolution authorizing securities, or any other contract with any holders of securities, including but not limited to an indenture of trust or similar instrument, may be amended or abrogated, and as to the amount of securities the holders of which must consent thereto, and the manner in which consent may be given;

 

(xxx)  The terms and conditions upon which any or all of the securities shall become or may be declared due before maturity and as to the terms and conditions upon which the declaration and its consequences may be waived; and

 

(xxxi)  All acts and things as may be necessary or convenient or desirable in order to secure the securities, or in the discretion of the board tend to make the securities more marketable, notwithstanding that the covenant, act or thing may not be enumerated in this section, it being the intention hereof to give the board power to do all things in the issuance of the board's securities and for their security except as expressly limited by this act.

 

21-17-428.  Lien against pledged revenue.

 

(a)  Revenues pledged for the payment of any securities, as received by or otherwise credited to the board, are immediately subject to the lien of each pledge without any physical delivery thereof, any filing, or further act.

 

(b)  The lien of each pledge and the obligation to perform the contractual provisions made in the authorizing resolution  or other instrument appertaining thereto is prior to any other obligations and liabilities of the board except as may be  otherwise provided in this act or in the resolution or other instrument, and subject to any prior pledges and liens theretofore created.

 

(c)  The lien of each pledge is valid and binding as against all persons having claims of any kind  in tort, contract or otherwise against the board or university irrespective of whether the persons have notice thereof.

 

21-17-429.  Rights and powers of securities holders.

 

(a)  Subject to any contractual limitations binding upon the holders of any issue or series of securities, or trustee therefor, including but not limited to the restriction of the exercise of any remedy to a specified proportion, percentage or number of holders, and subject to any prior or superior rights of others, any holder of securities, or trustee therefor, shall have the right and power, for the equal benefit and protection of all holders of securities similarly situated:

 

(i)  By mandamus or other suit, action or proceeding at law or in equity to enforce his rights against and to require or compel the board or university, or both, the president of the university, and any other of the officers, agents and employees of the board or university, or both, to perform and carry out their respective duties, obligations or other commitments under this act and their respective covenants and agreements with the holder of any security;

 

(ii)  By action or suit in equity to require the board or university, or both, to account as if they were the trustee of an express trust;

 

(iii)  By action or suit in equity to have appointed a receiver who may enter and take possession of any facilities and any pledged revenues for the payment of the securities, prescribe sufficient fees derived from the facilities, and collect, receive and apply all pledged revenues or other monies pledged for the payment of the securities in the same manner as the board itself might do in accordance with the obligations of the board; and

 

(iv)  By action or suit in equity to enjoin any acts or things which may be unlawful or in violation of the rights of the holder of any securities and to bring suit thereupon.

 

21-17-430.  Receivership.

 

(a)  If a resolution of the board authorizing or providing for the issuance of any securities of any series or any other proceedings appertaining thereto contains a provision authorized by W.S. 21-17-427(a)(xxviii) and provides in substance that any trustee appointed pursuant to the subsection has the powers provided by that subsection, then the trustee, whether or not all of the bonds or other securities of series have been declared due and payable, is entitled as of right to the appointment of a receiver of the facilities appertaining thereto.

 

(b)  Any receiver appointed as permitted by W.S. 21-17-427(a)(xxviii) may enter upon and take possession of the facilities and property appertaining thereto, and, subject to any pledge or contract with the holders of the securities, shall take possession of all monies and other property derived from or applicable to the acquisition, operation, maintenance or improvement of the facilities and proceed with the acquisition, operation, maintenance or improvement which the board is under any obligation to do, and operate, maintain, equip and improve the facilities, and, fix, charge, collect, enforce and receive the service charges and all revenues thereafter arising subject to any pledge thereof or contract with the holders of the securities relating thereto and perform the public duties and carry out the contracts and obligations of the board in the same manner as the board itself might do and under the direction of the court.

 

21-17-431.  Rights of holder cumulative and nonexclusive.

 

No right or remedy conferred upon any holder of any securities or any trustee for the holder or by any proceedings appertaining to the issuance of the securities is exclusive of any right or remedy but each right or remedy is cumulative and in addition to every other right or remedy and may be exercised without exhausting and without regard to any other remedy.

 

21-17-432.  Omission by security holder not to relieve board or university of obligation.

 

The failure of any holder of any securities to proceed as provided by this act shall not relieve the board or the university, or any of their officers, agents and employees of any liability for failure to perform or carry out any duty, obligation or other commitment.

 

21-17-433.  Interim debentures; maturity; use of proceeds; funding of notes or warrants with proceeds.

 

(a)  Any interim debentures may mature at such time or times not exceeding a period of time equal to the estimated time needed to effect the purpose or purposes for which they are issued or for which the bonds are authorized to be issued, but not exceeding three (3) years from the date of the interim debentures, as the board may determine.

 

(b)  The proceeds of interim debentures shall be used to defray the cost of the project appertaining thereto.

 

(c)  Any notes or warrants may be funded with the proceeds of interim debentures as well as with the proceeds of bonds.

 

21-17-434.  Interim debentures; pledges for security.

 

(a)  Pledged revenues and other monies, including without limitation proceeds of bonds to be issued or reissued after the issuance of interim debentures, and bonds issued for the purpose of securing the payment of interim debentures, may be pledged for the purpose of securing the payment of interim debentures.

 

(b)  Any bonds pledged as collateral security for the payment of any interim debentures shall mature at such time or times as the board may determine, but in no event exceeding fifty (50) years from the dates of the bonds and interim debentures, or if the dates are not the same, from whichever date is the earlier.

 

(c)  Any bonds pledged as collateral security shall not be issued in an aggregate principal amount exceeding the aggregate principal amount of the interim debenture or interim debentures secured by a pledge of the bonds.

 

21-17-435.  Interim debentures; limit as to extension or funding.

 

No interim debentures issued pursuant to the provisions hereof shall be extended or funded except by the issuance or reissuance of a bond or bonds in compliance herewith.

 

21-17-436.  Interim debentures; bonds for funding.

 

(a)  For the purpose of funding any interim debentures, any bonds pledged as collateral security to secure the payment of interim debentures, upon their surrender as pledged property, may be reissued, and any bonds not previously issued but authorized to be issued by any law for a purpose or purposes the same as or encompassing the purpose or purposes for which the interim debentures were issued, may be issued for such a funding.

 

(b)  Any bonds shall mature at such time or times as the board may determine, but in no event exceeding fifty (50) years from the dates of the interim debentures so funded and the bonds so pledged as collateral security, or if the dates are not the same, from whichever date is the earlier.

 

(c)  Bonds for funding and bonds for any other purpose or purposes may be issued separately or issued in combination in one (1) or more series.

 

(d)  Except as herein otherwise provided in W.S. 21-17-433 through 21-17-436, any funding bonds shall be issued as is provided by this act for other bonds.

 

21-17-437.  Refunding and refunding bonds; authority to refund bonds; limitation on refunding; exchange or surrender of bonds held by state for purposes of refunding.

 

(a)  Any bonds of the board or university payable from any pledged revenues may be refunded by the adoption of a resolution or resolutions by the board and by any trust indenture or other proceedings appertaining thereto, authorizing the issuance of bonds:

 

(i)  To refund, pay, and discharge all or any part of the outstanding bonds of any one (1) or more or all outstanding issues, including any interest thereon in arrears, or about to become due for any period not exceeding three (3) years from the date of the refunding bonds;

 

(ii)  For the purpose of reducing interest costs or effecting other economies;

 

(iii)  For the purpose of modifying or eliminating restrictive contractual limitations appertaining to the issuance of additional bonds, otherwise concerning the outstanding bonds, or to any facilities appertaining thereto; or

 

(iv)  For any combination thereof.

 

(b)  The board may not call bonds now or hereafter outstanding for prior redemption in order to refund the bonds or in order to pay them prior to their stated maturities, unless the right to call the bonds for prior redemption was specifically reserved and stated in the bonds at the time of their issuance, and all conditions with respect to the manner, price and time applicable to the prior redemption as set forth in the proceedings authorizing the outstanding bonds are strictly observed.  No holder of an outstanding bond may be compelled to surrender the bond for refunding prior to its stated maturity or optional date of prior redemption expressly reserved therein even though the refunding might result in financial benefit to the board or university.

 

(c)  Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (b) of this section or of any other law, this state, acting by and through the governor with the approval of the state treasurer and the attorney general, may agree with the board to exchange any outstanding bonds of the board and held by the state, or any agency, corporation, department or other instrumentality of the state, for refunding bonds of the board, or otherwise to surrender the outstanding bonds to the board for refunding at such price and time and otherwise upon such conditions and other terms and in such manner as may be mutually agreeable at any time prior to their respective maturities or to any date as of which the board has the right and option to call the outstanding bonds for prior redemption as expressly provided in the outstanding bonds and any resolution, trust indenture or other proceedings authorizing their issuance.

 

21-17-438.  Refunding and refunding bonds; exchange generally; sale; exchange for escrow investment.

 

(a)  Any bonds issued for refunding purposes may either be delivered in exchange for the outstanding bonds being refunded or may be publicly or privately sold.

 

(b)  The refunding bonds, or any part thereof, may be exchanged by the board for investments under W.S. 21-17-426 which have been made available for escrow investment by any purchaser of refunding bonds, upon terms of exchange mutually agreed upon, and any such investments so received by the board shall be placed in escrow as provided by W.S. 21-17-440 and 21-17-441.

 

21-17-439.  Refunding and refunding bonds; conditions under which bonds may be refunded.

 

(a)  No bonds may be refunded hereunder unless they have been outstanding for at least one (1) year from the date of their delivery and unless the holders thereof voluntarily surrender them for exchange or payment.

 

(b)  Repealed By Laws 2005, ch. 143, 2.

 

(c)  The principal amount of the refunding bonds may exceed the principal amount of the refunded bonds if the aggregate principal and interest costs of the refunding bonds do not exceed the unaccrued costs of the bonds refunded, except to the extent any interest on the bonds refunded in arrears or about to become due is capitalized with the proceeds of the refunding bonds.  Principal may also then be increased to that extent.

 

(d)  The principal amount of the refunding bonds may also be less than or the same as the principal amount of the bonds being refunded so long as provision is duly and sufficiently made for their payment.

 

21-17-440.  Refunding and refunding bonds; disposition of proceeds; payment of costs; application of accrued interest and premiums.

 

(a)  Except as otherwise provided, the proceeds of refunding bonds shall either be immediately applied to the retirement of the bonds to be refunded or be placed in escrow or trust in any trust bank or trust banks to be applied to the payment of the refunded bonds or the refunding bonds, or both, upon their presentation therefor to the extent, in such priority and otherwise in the manner which the board may determine.

 

(b)  The incidental costs of the refunding of bonds may be paid by the purchaser of the refunding bonds or be defrayed from other available revenues of the board or from the proceeds of the refunding bonds, or from the interest or other yield derived from the investment of any refunding bond proceeds or other monies in escrow or trust, or from any other sources legally available therefor, or any combination thereof, as the board may determine.

 

(c)  Any accrued interest and any premium appertaining to a sale of refunding bonds may be applied to the payment of the interest thereon or the principal thereof, or to both interest and principal, or may be deposited in a reserve therefor, or may be used to refund bonds by deposit in escrow, trust or otherwise, or may be used to defray any incidental costs appertaining to the refunding, or any combination thereof, as the board may determine.

 

21-17-441.  Refunding and refunding bonds; funds in escrow and trust.

 

(a)  Any escrow or trust shall not necessarily be limited to proceeds of refunding bonds but may include other monies available for its purpose.

 

(b)  Any proceeds in escrow or trust, pending such use, may be invested or reinvested in investments under W.S. 21-17-426.

 

(c)  Subject to any limitations appertaining thereto in section 7, article 15, Wyoming Constitution, any trust bank accounting for investments under W.S. 21-17-426 in escrow or trust may place them for safekeeping wholly or in part in any trust bank or trust banks.

 

(d)  Subject to any limitations appertaining thereto in section 7, article 15, Wyoming Constitution, any trust bank shall continuously secure any monies placed in escrow or trust and not so invested or reinvested in investments under W.S. 21-17-426 by a pledge in any trust bank or trust banks of federal securities in an amount at all times at least equal to the total uninvested amount of the monies accounted for in escrow or trust.

 

(e)  Proceeds and investments in escrow or trust, together with any interest or other gain to be derived from any investment, shall be in an amount at all times at least sufficient to pay principal, interest, any prior redemption premiums due, and any charges of the escrow agent or trustee and any other incidental expenses payable therefrom, except to the extent other provisions were made, as the obligations become due at their respective maturities or due at designated prior redemption date or dates in connection with which the board shall have exercised or shall be obligated to exercise a prior redemption option.

 

(f)  The computations made in determining the sufficiency shall be verified by a certified public accountant certificated to practice in this state or in any other state.

 

(g)  Any purchaser of any refunding bond issued under this act shall in no manner be responsible for the application of the proceeds thereof by the board or the university or any of their respective officers, agents, or employees.

 

21-17-442.  Refunding and refunding bonds; payment from pledged revenues.

 

Refunding bonds may be made payable from any pledged revenues which might be legally pledged for the payment of bonds being refunded at the time of the refunding or at the time of the issuance of the bonds being refunded, as the board may determine, notwithstanding the revenue sources or the pledge of the revenues for the payment of the outstanding bonds being refunded is hereby modified.

 

21-17-443.  Refunding and refunding bonds; issuance of refunding or other bonds.

 

Bonds for refunding and bonds for any other purpose or purposes authorized by any other law may be issued separately or issued in combination in one (1) or more series by the board.

 

21-17-444.  Refunding and refunding bonds; general provisions as to bonds applicable.

 

Except as provided in W.S. 21-17-437 through 21-17-443, the relevant provisions elsewhere in this act appertaining generally to the issuance of bonds to defray the cost of any project shall be equally applicable in the authorization and issuance of refunding bonds, including their terms and security, the covenants and other provisions of the resolution authorizing the issuance of the bonds, or other instrument or proceedings appertaining thereto, and other aspects of the bonds.

 

21-17-445.  Determination of board final; exceptions.

 

The determination of the board that the limitations imposed upon the issuance of refunding bonds or upon the issuance of other securities under this act have been met is conclusive in the absence of fraud or arbitrary and gross abuse of discretion regardless of whether the authorizing resolution or the securities thereby authorized contain a recital as authorized by W.S. 21-17-416.

 

21-17-446.  Securities exempt from state taxation.

 

Bonds and other securities issued under this act, their transfer, and the income therefrom, shall forever be and remain free and exempt from taxation by this state or any subdivision thereof.

 

21-17-447.  Investment of state funds in securities authorized by W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450.

 

The state treasurer, with the approval of the governor and the attorney general of the state, on its behalf and in its name, may invest any permanent state funds or other state funds available for investment in any of the bonds or other securities authorized to be issued pursuant to this act.

 

21-17-448.  Securities authorized are legal investments for financial institutions.

 

(a)  Any bank, trust company, banker, savings bank, or institution, any building and loan association, savings and loan association, investment company and any other person carrying on a banking or investment business, any insurance company, insurance association, or any other person carrying on an insurance business, and any executor, administrator, curator, trustee or any other fiduciary, may invest funds or monies in their custody in any of the bonds or other securities issued under this act.

 

(b)  Nothing contained in this section with regard to legal investments relieves any representative of any corporation or other person of any duty of exercising reasonable care in selecting securities.

 

21-17-449.  Scope and general construction of W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450.

 

(a)  This act constitutes full authority for the exercise of the incidental powers herein granted concerning the borrowing of money to defray wholly or in part the cost of any project authorized by the legislature appertaining to the university, or to refinance outstanding loans, or both, and the issuance of bonds or other securities to evidence loans or other obligations or to fund or refund outstanding securities, or any combination thereof, as the board may determine.

 

(b)  No other act or law with regard to the authorization or issuance of securities or the exercise of any other power herein granted that requires an approval, or in any way impedes or restricts the carrying out of the acts herein authorized to be done shall be construed as applying to any proceedings taken under or acts done pursuant to this act, except as herein otherwise provided.

 

(c)  The powers conferred by this act shall be in addition and supplemental to, and not in substitution for, and the limitations imposed by this act shall not affect the powers conferred by, any other law.

 

(d)  Nothing contained in this act shall be construed as preventing the exercise of any power granted to the board or to the university acting by and through the board, or any officer, agent or employee thereof, by any other law.

 

(e)  No part of this act repeals or affects any other law or part thereof, it being intended that this act shall provide a separate method of accomplishing its objectives and not an exclusive one.

 

21-17-450.  Liberal construction.

 

This act being necessary to secure the public health, safety, convenience and welfare, shall be liberally construed to effect its purposes.

 

21-17-451.  Contingent authorization for the university to acquire the national center for atmospheric research supercomputer center facility.

 

(a)  Subject to the terms and conditions of this section, the University of Wyoming board of trustees is authorized to acquire the facility housing the national center for atmospheric research supercomputer center constructed and operated in accordance with the memorandum of understanding and final contract entered into pursuant to 2007 Wyoming Session Laws, Chapter 136, Section 336. The acquisition may be made by:

 

(i)  Pursuant to subsection (b) of this section notwithstanding W.S. 21-17-408(b), pledging and, as required, using federal mineral royalties distributed to the university pursuant to W.S. 9-4-601(a)(iv) to fund the principal amount and accrued interest remaining to be paid on industrial development revenue bonds issued by Laramie County, Wyoming, and purchased by the state treasurer to fund the construction of the center facility; or

 

(ii)  Pursuant to subsection (c) of this section, the issuance of revenue bonds under the University Securities Law, W.S. 21-17-402 through 21-17-450.

 

(b)  Any action taken by the board pursuant to paragraph (a)(i) or (ii) of this section shall be subject to the following terms and conditions: 

 

(i)  All final agreements have been executed for construction and operation of the center as required in 2007 Wyoming Session Laws, Chapter 136, Section 336(d);

 

(ii)  The final agreements in paragraph (i) of this subsection include binding provisions as follows:

 

(A)  If the national science foundation ceases to fund the center on or after July 1, 2019, the  national center for atmospheric research shall provide written notice to the University of Wyoming at least one (1) year in advance of the date upon which funding will cease;

 

(B)  If the national science foundation ceases to fund the center as provided in subparagraph (A) of this paragraph, the university consortium for atmospheric research, which is the parent organization for the national center for atmospheric research, shall transfer ownership of all its interest in the center to the University of Wyoming so that the university holds one hundred percent (100%) ownership interest in the center facility.

 

(c)  If the national science foundation ceases to fund the center as provided in subparagraph (b)(ii)(A) of this section, to the extent the board of trustees determines that the issuance of revenue bonds under the University Securities Law may more economically or otherwise better accomplish the purposes of this section, and no other source of revenue other than the pledge under paragraph (a)(i) of this section has been committed to meet the repayment obligations required by the industrial development revenue bonds, the board may issue its revenue bonds to repay the industrial development revenue bonds if the state treasurer still owns them.

 

(d)  The university shall report any notification from the national center for atmospheric research under subparagraph (b)(ii)(A) of this section to the governor, state treasurer, joint appropriations interim committee and joint minerals, business and economic development interim committee of the legislature.